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Aleutian Islands

Aleutian Islands (əlo͞oˈshən), chain of rugged, volcanic islands curving c.1,200 mi (1,900 km) west from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula and approaching Russia's Komandorski Islands. A partially submerged continuation of the Aleutian Range, they separate the Bering Sea from the Pacific Ocean. The Aleutians comprise four main groups: Fox Islands, nearest to the mainland, including Unimak, Unalaska, Umnak, and Akutan; Andreanof Islands, including Amlia, Atka, Adak, Kanaga, and Tanaga; Rat Islands, including Amchitka and Kiska; and Near Islands, the smallest and westernmost group, including Agattu and Attu. The Semichi Islands, of which Shemya is the largest, are nearby.

The Aleutians have few good harbors, and numerous reefs make navigation treacherous. Among active volcanoes is Mt. Shishaldin, on Unimak. Relatively moderate temperatures lead to heavy rains and constant fog. Almost treeless, the islands have a luxuriant growth of grasses, bushes, and sedges. Most of the islands are within the Aleutian National Wildlife Reserve. Sheep and reindeer are raised. Hunting and fishing are the main occupations of the Aleut population. Research stations and military bases are located on the islands; Amchitka has been used for underground nuclear tests.

The Aleutians were visited in 1741 by Vitus Bering, a Danish explorer employed by Russia. The indigenous Aleuts were exploited by the Russian trappers and traders who, in search of sea otter, seal, and fox fur, established settlements on the islands in the late 18th and early 19th cent. The islands were included in the Alaska purchase in 1867; after the purchase, the U.S. government forbade seal trapping except by Aleuts. Fishing and fur hunting are now controlled by the federal government. Dutch Harbor, on Unalaska, became a transshipping point for the gold boomtown of Nome in 1900. The Aleutians were important during World War II; in 1940, a U.S. naval base was established at Dutch Harbor, and an army base was established there in 1941. In 1942 the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands; a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka regained them in 1943. The Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument protects sites of events on Attu, Kiska, and Atka islands (see National Parks and Monuments, table). Originally part of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (est. 2008), it became a separate unit in 2019.

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the westernmost of the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of SW Alaska: largest of the Near Islands
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Siraj, "Comparison of heavy metals burden in two freshwater fishes Wallago attu and Labeo dyocheilus with regard to their feeding habits in natural ecosystem," Pakistan Journal of Zoology, vol.
Therefore, toxicity of heavy metals in the natural water bodies of Pakistan have become a growing threat to the native fish fauna, especially to the carnivorous fish species like Channa marulius, Mystus seenghala and Wallago attu that are on the verge of extinction in the natural water bodies.
For the camp at Attu, he says, his company barged a load of dry goods out early, then had weekly resupply flights that came from Adak to Attu.
Lagardere Sports was appointed as host broadcaster, having already been appointed to handle the international media rights, through a long term partnership with the ATTU.
Therefore, the present study compared the chemical and amino acid contents of the commercially most preferred seven species [Cyprinus (C) carpio (Common carp), Labeo (L) rohita (Rohu), Cirrhinus (C) mrigala (Mori), Aorichthys (A) aorsarwari (Singhari), Channa (C) marulius (Great snakehead or Giant Murrel or Sole), Oreochromis (O) mossambicus (Tilapia) and Wallago (W) attu (Malli)] from River Indus in Mianwali district.
Japanese possession of Kiska and Attu dealt a significant psychological blow to the American war effort.
On this date in 1943, during World War II, American troops secured the Aleutian island of Attu from Japanese forces.
evermanni) on a portion of Attu Island, Alaska, from 2003 through 2009.
Attu r Rehman was invited by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) which has a top level international programme for academic exchange, the "EINSTEIN PROFESSORSHIP".
ots[euro] O'Rourke stood up as the judge gave her the formal warning that if she intended to use an alibi in her attu dt defence, she must give the details in writing to the prosecution within 14 days.
He was nominated to the BoD by the Asian Table Tennis Union ( ATTU), following his service to the sport in the region, particularly India.
These paintings allude to the genre of "war pictures" exemplified by Leonard Foujita's famous Last Stand at Attu, 1943, totalitarian propaganda meant to raise morale on the home front and glorify the deaths of Japanese fighting men as noble self-sacrifice.