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(ätwō`nə) or


(ätwä`nə), town, in the Marquesas IslandsMarquesas Islands
, volcanic group (2002 pop. 8,712), South Pacific, a part of French Polynesia. There are 12 islands in the group, which lies c.930 mi (1,500 km) NE of Tahiti.
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, South Pacific, in French PolynesiaFrench Polynesia,
officially Overseas Lands of French Polynesia, internally self-governing dependency (2015 est. pop. 278,000) of France, consisting of 118 islands in the South Pacific. The capital is Papeete, on Tahiti.
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. Situated on the southern coast of the island of Hiva OaHiva Oa
, volcanic island, 154 sq mi (399 sq km), South Pacific, second largest and the most important of the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Hiva Oa is the seat of Atuona, former capital of the Marquesas. The Bay of Traitors, protected by ridges c.
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, Atuona overlooks the Bay of Traitors. GauguinGauguin, Paul
, 1848–1903, French painter and woodcut artist, b. Paris; son of a journalist and a French-Peruvian mother. Early Life

Gauguin spent the first six years of his life with his family in Lima Peru; as an adolescent he was a sailor in the French
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 lived in Atuona Valley and is buried there.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Atuona, Brenda, and Luke Harris (2014), "The Effects of Corruption in Sports on the Olympic Ideals and Sponsorship Programmes," in Dikaia Chatziefstathiou and Norbert Muller (eds.), Olympism, Olympic Education and Learning Legacies.
Both the writer and the painter had met with early deaths in the South Seas: Stevenson at Vailima, in Samoa, in 1894; Gauguin at Atuona, in the Marquesas, in 1903, while still at the height of their creative powers.
MARQUESAS ISLANDS: Hiva Oa [9[degrees]48'S, 139[degrees]01'W]: 2 [male], 5 [female], 3 juveniles, Entomology Survey (no further data) (BPBM); 4 [female], 3 juveniles, Atuona Valley [9[degrees]47'S, 139[degrees]01'W], 7 July 1929, Mumford, Adamson (BPBM); 11 [male], 16 [female], 31 juvenile (2 vials), Atuona Valley, in house, 11 July 1929, Mumford, Adamson (BPBM); 1 [male], 2 [female], 2 juveniles, Atuona [9[degrees]48'S, 139[degrees]01'W], in house, 8 February 1987, J.W.
8--Bora Bora, Rangiroa, Omoa, Atuona, Fares to be Vaipaee, Taiohae, Taha'a, Moorea, Papeete.
In Hiva Oa, the principal town on Atuona in the Marquesas, she recorded her father visiting the Catholic mission where a gravely in Gauguin received assistance, the cemetery where the artist was buried in 1903, and the municipal archive where his death certificate remains on file.
Only the cat and dog you had just brought to live with you at your new house in Atuona were there, watching you attentively, as if they understood the meaning of your bellows into nothingness, which were surely frightening the chickens, cats, and little horses that ran wild in the forests of Hiva Oa.
Viapaee, Atuona, Omoa, Fakarva, Moorea, Papeete $3,590-20,190