Aubusson, Pierre d'

Aubusson, Pierre d'

(pyĕr dōbüsôN`), 1423–1503, French soldier, a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and grand master of the Knights HospitalersKnights Hospitalers,
members of the military and religious Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, sometimes called the Knights of St. John and the Knights of Jerusalem. The symbol of the Order of St.
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 (1476–1503). In 1480 he valiantly defended Rhodes against Ottoman Sultan Muhammad II. After the accession (1481) of Sultan Beyazid IIBeyazid II,
1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of Janissaries he put down the revolt of his brother Jem.
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, Aubusson gave shelter to Jem, Beyazid's brother. However, he soon sent Jem to France as a virtual prisoner and obtained a truce and a large annual pension from Beyazid in exchange for keeping Jem confined. In 1489 Aubusson ceded his valuable hostage to Pope Innocent VIII, who made Aubusson a cardinal and granted new privileges to his order.
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