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Augsburg Confession:see creedcreed
[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.
1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and
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exposition of the fundamentals of Lutheranism (in 28 articles, written in German and Latin). The Augsburg Confession was composed with the approval of M. Luther by his closest colleague, P. Melanchthon, and was presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. This work established the ceremonial side of the Lutheran cult and the principle of the subordination of the church to the secular ruler. In some of its formulations the Augsburg Confession also retreated from the initial views of Luther. In foreseeing the introduction of a church organization and other matters, the Augsburg Confession reflected the striving of the leaders of the Lutheran movement toward compromise with Catholicism for the joint struggle against the Anabaptists and the adherents of H. Zwingli. The rejection of the Augsburg Confession by both Charles V and the diet was the cause of a prolonged struggle between the Protestant and the Catholic princes of Germany, which came to an end with the religious Peace of Augsburg (1555).