August Bier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bier, August


Born Nov. 24, 1861, in Helsen, Waldeck; died Mar. 12, 1949, in Sauen, Brandenburg. One of the founders of German surgery.

Bier studied medicine in Berlin, Leipzig, and Kiel. In Kiel he worked under the famous surgeon F. Esmarch. From 1899 he was chief of the surgery subdepartment at Greifswald, and from 1904 he was chief of the surgery subdepartment in Bonn. From 1907 he was director of the Higher School of Physical Education in Berlin. He worked mainly on the problem of tuberculosis of the bone, hyperemia as a treatment during infectious processes, and research on the regeneration of tissue. Bier introduced an original method of osteoplastic amputation, with the creation of a supportive stump. He first made public (1901) a method of spinal anesthesia and developed the study of venous anesthesia (1909) and inflammation.


“Uber plastische Bildung tragfahiger Strumpfe nach Unterschenkelamputation.” Archiv für klinische Chirurgie, 1893, vol. 46.
“Amputationen und Exartikulationen.” Sammlung klinischer Vortrage: Neue Folge, 1900, no. 264.
“Beobachtungen über Knochenregeneration.” Sammlung klinischer Vortrage: Neue Folge, 1913, vol. 10.
“Die konservative Behandlung der sogenannten chirurgischen Tuberculose.” Sammlung klinischer Vortrage: Neue Folge, 1921, vol. 116. Page 162.
lskusstvennaia giperemiia kak metod lecheniia. Yaroslavl, 1906. (Translated from German.)
Operativnaia khirurgiia, vols. 1–6. Leningrad, 1928–35 (coauthor). (Translated from German.)


Razumovskii, V. I. Alkogolizatsiia nervnykh stvolov kak metod lecheniia angioskleroticheskoi gangreny. Dnepropetrovsk, 1923.
“Festschrift fur August Bier.” Archiv fiir klinische Chirurgie, 1921, vol. 118.
Klapp, R. “A. Bier.” Chirurgie, 1931, vol. 3. Page 953.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The first planned spinal analgesia for surgery in man was performed by August Bier (1861-1949) on 16 August 1898 in Kiel, when he courageously injected 3 ml of 0.5% cocaine solution into a 34 years old labourer1.
The versatile August Bier (18611949), father of spinal anaesthesia.
Intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA) which was firstly described by August Bier in 1902 [2] is used successfully as a sole technique for upper limb surgeries [3].
August Bier first used it deliberately on 16th August 1898 with 3 mL of 0.5% cocaine.
As a century after August Bier first described PDPH, the optimal management of PDPH is a question that remains unanswered.
GERMAN surgeon august Bier invented spinal anaesthesia in 1898, but it wasn't a pain free process.
At the end of the 19th century, August Bier discovered 'local anaesthetics'.
This was soon followed by cocaine injection into epidural space (James Corning) and intrathecal space (August Bier).
Historical background, historical reference to PDPH was recorded by August Bier. (2) in 1899, when he gave a personal account of his headache, he suffered after spinal anesthesia given to him on his request by his assistant.
Since its inception by August Bier it is evolved as reliable and safe technique of anesthesia.
INTRODUCTION: IVRA was first described by August Bier in 1908 for short operative procedures on upper arm surgeries.