August Coup

August Coup,

attempted coup (Aug. 18–22, 1991) against Soviet President Mikhail GorbachevGorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich
, 1931–, Soviet political leader. Born in the agricultural region of Stavropol, Gorbachev studied law at Moscow State Univ., where in 1953 he married a philosophy student, Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko (1932?–99).
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. On the eve of the signing ceremony for a new union treaty for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, members of the Politburo and the heads of the Soviet military and security services detained Gorbachev at his villa in the Crimea. Claiming that Gorbachev had been removed from his position as president due to illness, the leaders of the coup formed an eight-man Committee of the State of Emergency and attempted to assume control of the government. Russian parliamentarians, under the leadership of Boris YeltsinYeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich
, 1931–2007, Soviet and Russian politician, president of Russia (1991–99). Born in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk) and educated at the Urals Polytechnic Institute, Yeltsin began his career as a construction worker (1953–68).
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, led popular resistance to the Committee's leadership. Soldiers and tanks sent to arrest Yeltsin found the Russian Parliament building surrounded by both armed and unarmed civilians. The soldiers then turned around, either returning to their barracks or joining the resistance. Many junior officers and officials in the Moscow ministries, as well as the leadership of the Soviet Union's constituent republics, denounced the new leadership. The coup collapsed as the Committee found itself lacking either the will or the loyalty of the military necessary to put down the burgeoning resistance movement. Gorbachev was released from detention and flown to Moscow. Real power in Russia, however, had devolved to Yeltsin, who used the coup's failure to eliminate the political power of the Communist party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). The August Coup resulted in a minimal loss of life (3 deaths in Moscow and 3 in the Baltic States), the end of the CPSU's dominance, and hastened the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
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In August 1991, Yeltsin won international plaudits for casting himself as a democrat and defying the August coup attempt of 1991 by the members of Soviet government opposed to further decentralization under the Union Treaty of 1991.
But the US suspended those programmes along with more than $20m in aid after the August coup.
General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who led the August coup and resigned from the army in order to contest the election, is among the favourites in Saturday's vote.
Years before the August Coup charade of 1991 that unseated Gorbachev and installed Yeltsin, the John Birch Society was pointing out that the Kremlin's masters of strategic deception had initiated a so-called long-range peace offensive aimed at convincing the West that Communism was evolving and transforming into a more mellow system.
When General Mohammad Ould Abdel Aziz chose a diplomat who enjoys a European experience to assume the position of prime minister in Mauritania, right after the August coup last year, it was clear that he wanted to contain the European reactions vis-Ea-vis the dangers of threatening democratic legitimacy.
With President Eisenhower in office, but not paying too close attention, and the brothers Foster and Allen Dulles in place at the top of State and CIA, the plans drawn up by CIA and Britain's MI6 were moved forward and activated for an August coup, with CIA operative Kermit Roosevelt as its leader on the ground.
KOUNALAKIS was the NBC-Mutual News Moscow correspondent from the August coup in 1991 through the First Russian Republic.
Chapter 4 examines the lead-in and consequences of the August coup, including the opportunity for Yeltsin's reformers to launch shock therapy, which the authors characterize as "catching up with the past" (p.
Our hero, who is frequently described in terms wholly simian, runs off into a crowd and joins up in the popular resistance to the August Coup.
the 1991 August coup in the then-Soviet Union, word of these events hit
Sghaier Ould MBareck, a former prime minister, earlier this month announced that he was withdrawing his candidature to support Aziz, who overthrew Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi as president in the August coup.
She had previously worked as a consultant in the Mauritanian Presidency, before she was discharged following the 3rd of August coup in 2005.