Francke, August Hermann

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Francke, August Hermann

(ou`go͝ost hĕr`män fräng`kə), 1663–1727, German Protestant minister and philanthropist. In 1686, encouraged by Philipp Jakob Spener, he helped found the Collegium philobiblicum for the systematic study of the Scriptures. He became a leading exponent of PietismPietism
, a movement in the Lutheran Church (see Lutheranism), most influential between the latter part of the 17th cent. and the middle of the 18th. It was an effort to stir the church out of a settled attitude in which dogma and intellectual religion seemed to be supplanting
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 c.1689 and from 1692 served as professor at the Univ. of Halle and as pastor in a nearby town. He found (1695) at Halle the Francke Institutes, which started with a paupers' school at his parsonage. It grew rapidly, and by Francke's death, more than 2,200 children were being served. The institutes exerted strong influence on the growth of Prussian education.


See H. E. Guericke, August Hermann Francke (1827, tr. 1837).

References in periodicals archive ?
She examines three topics in some detail to evince her argument, the first of which is the collaboration between the orphanage's first director, who was August Hermann Francke [1663-1727], and two influential mathematicians and philosophers whose ideas had a lasting impact on the institution's curriculum, Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus [1651-1708] and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz [1646-1716].
Almost all schools of August Hermann Francke school are dependent on walking aids and wheelchairs.
Douglas Shantz begins his new book with a list of seven people, and the fact that you see the names of two Reformed pastors and one Lutheran layman before you get to Philipp Jakob Spener's name, and that you meet two women before August Hermann Francke, and that the name of Nikolaus von Zinzendorf is not there at all suggests that things have changed since Ernest Stoeffier introduced German Pietism to English-speaking audiences in the 1960s and 1970s.
The central focus, however, is directed toward the leaders and achievements of Pietism at three centers of gravity: Johann Jakob Schiitz and Philipp Jakob Spener in Frankfurt; eight leaders in Leipzig (Anton, Francke, Friedel, Huffland, Lange, Schade, Thieme, and Wartenburg); and August Hermann Francke with several colleagues in Halle.
August Hermann Francke (1870-1930) was one of the greatest missionary scholars of the Moravian church (Herrnhuter Brudergemeine) to work in the Himalayan region.
s primary significance in the history of ideas was his attempted mediation between the rationalism of Christian Wolff and the pietism of such figures as Joachim Lange and August Hermann Francke.
Her personal connections with William Penn and Philadelphianism, with Spener and August Hermann Francke and their Pietist followers, with Jane Lead and the Baron of Knyphausen, make her an important figure in various spiritual movements of the time.
The broad contours of this period, which Mori dubs as the "second wave" of Pietism, are generally well-known and have often been treated as part of the early history of August Hermann Francke and Francke's Pietist foundations in Halle.
6) Thereafter Pietisterey and Pietismus quickly came to refer to a renewal movement within Lutheranism associated with Philipp Jacob Spener and August Hermann Francke.
In Halle, Brandenburg-Prussia, just thirty miles from Leipzig, August Hermann Francke began to build up an extensive and similarly influential system of orphanages and schools in the 1690's.
1740), under the instruction of the syndic's daughter, he was profoundly inspired by stories about what missionaries of the Royal Danish Mission (also otherwise known as the Danish-Halle Mission) were doing in India, and by the writings of Professor August Hermann Francke, under whom she herself had studied.
The king used the educational techniques perfected by the Halle Pietist leader, August Hermann Francke (1663-1727), to inculcate a feeling of loyalty to crown and state in the military and in the new bureaucracy.