August Ludwig Schlözer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schlözer, August Ludwig

 

Born July 5, 1735, in Gaggstadt; died Sept. 9,1809, in Göttingen. German historian, philologist, and statistician. Adjunct of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1762). Honorary member of the Society of History and Russian Antiquities (1804).

Schlözer studied at the universities of Wittenberg and Göttingen. At the invitation of G. F. Miller, he worked in Russia from 1761 to 1767 and studied the Old Russian chronicles. As a supporter of the Norman theory of the origin of Rus’, he was sharply criticized by M. V. Lomonosov. Schlözer contributed to the publication of V. N. Tatishchev’s History of Russia. In 1763 and 1764 he composed a grammar of the Russian language. After returning to Germany he taught history and statistics at the University of Göttingen and wrote a number of works on Russian history. His principal work, Nestor, had a positive influence on the development of the study of sources in Russia.

A rationalist thinker, Schlözer remained a representative of the moderate trend of the Enlightenment and a supporter of enlightened absolutism. He elaborated concepts of universal history and protested against the division of peoples into “historical” and “nonhistorical.”

Schlözer became a foreign honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1769.

REFERENCES

Cherepnin, L. V. “A. L. Shletser i ego mesto v razvitii russkoi istoricheskoi nauki.” In the collection Mezhdunarodnye sviazy Rossii v XVII–XVIII vv. Moscow, 1966.
Peshtich, S. L. Russkaia istoriografiia XVIII v., Part 2. Leningrad, 1965.
Lomonosov, Schlözer, Pallas. Berlin, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Most recently, they had been joined by August Ludwig Schlozer, appointed in 1765 as professor of history at the Academy of Sciences.
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51), (3) assume o jovem August Ludwig Schlozer (1735-1809), muito antes de ter ganhado fama como professor ordinario da Faculdade de Filosofia na recem-fundada Universidade de Gottingen (1734-1737).
Desse ponto deriva a questao central que sera enfrentada neste artigo, a saber: como se estabelece o conceito de verdade que resulta do metodo historico-critico desenvolvido por August Ludwig Schlozer a epoca do Iluminismo tardio e de que modo tal conceito se relaciona, mais contemporaneamente, com o debate sobre a possibilidade de construcao de representacoes historicas.
Entre 1802 e 1809, August Ludwig Schlozer publica, em cinco volumes, uma obra monumental: a edicao critica parcial da Cronica de Nestor.
The book is best viewed through the lens of its opening quote by August Ludwig Schlozer in 1804: "History is moving statistics and statistics is frozen history." The book is really an investigation into the history of economic/statistic/commercial thought relating to these two points.