Sander, August

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Sander, August

(ou`go͝ost zän`dər), 1876–1964, Austrian photographer. During his long life Sander made a remarkable composite portrait of the German people. He began his immense work in the early 1890s, making pictures of young men who wanted mementos to give to their families before they emigrated to the United States. He opened a portrait studio in Linz (1904), but a great percentage of his precise, direct, and perceptive portraits were made in the homes and working environments of his sitters. Using large glass plates, he produced a realistic picture of the daily life and look of a vast cross-section of German society that, as a whole, is considered both a sociological and a photographic masterpiece. His subjects included country people, artisans, laborers, technicians, artists, professionals, politicians, aristocrats, and family groups of every sort, the total work comprising an extraordinary human document in which the photographer himself is particularly unobtrusive. Sander also wrote a treatise on the function of photography, Confession of Faith in Photography (1927).

Bibliography

See his Men without Masks: Faces of Germany, 1910–1938 (tr. 1973); G. Sander and U. Keller, ed., August Sander: Citizens of the 20th Century (1986); C. Schreier, August Sander: "In Photography There Are No Unexplained Shadows" (1997); S. Lange and M. Heiting, ed., August Sander: 1876–1964 (1999); S. Lange and G. Conrath-Scholl, August Sander: People of the 20th Century (7 vol., 2002).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Entertainers, families, and entrepreneurs modeled for photographer August Sander. His portraits of German society marked a turning point in the history of photography, and can now be seen at an exhibition in Cologne.A tender smile, a curious glance into the camera; It seems as if the young mother has settled with her son on the lawn for a moment, a few blades of grass are scattered over her dress.
Mounted by the Martin-Gropius-Bau, the show included a number of the elegantly perplexing, serious-minded video and film works the artist has made across his fifteen-year practice, including his newest, August, 2016, an impressionistic elegy for the early-twentieth-century German portrait photographer August Sander. In something of a departure for Fast, the show also featured a series of spatial interventions, with three of the show's seven works set in installation environments meant to simulate transitional spaces--the waiting rooms of a doctor's office, an airport lounge, and a German immigration agency.
Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight Village, Wirral, 0151 478 4136 - Tue, 10 Oct Portraying A Nation: Germany (1919-1933) Portraying a Nation: Germany (1919-1933) presents the faces of Germany between the two world wars told through the eyes of painter Otto Dix (1891- 1969) and photographer August Sander (1876-1964) - two artists whose works document the radical extremes of the country in this period.
15); Posed, works by August Sander, Andy Warhol, Cindy Sherman and others (through Oct.
Featuring more than 300 works, this exhibition pairs Otto Dix and August Sander to explore their documentation of the period.
Accompanying the exhibition is a gallery devoted to a selection of works by Arbus' predecessors and contemporaries, including Evans, Levitt, Winogrand, Friedlander, August Sander, Lisette Model, Robert Frank, and William Klein.
The topics include the topicality of Goethe's Theory of Colours, the texture of landscape, Wittgenstein reads Goethe, morphology between August Sander's photographs and Gerhad Richter's Atlas, the body and the genesis of forms, problems of form and idea in Bataille's early writing, the atmospheres of Aldo Rossi, and notes on the death of art today.
"The emergence of photojournalism -- as in the examples of Lewis Wickes Hine's photos documenting child laborers or August Sander's photographs, which were banned by the Third Reich because they 'showed German citizens as ordinary people,' can be seen in this section," Ecakyrkaya explained.
In my mind, his body of work, though possibly amassed for different reasons, equates to that of August Sander and his archive, Citizens of the 20th Century.