August Von Mackensen


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mackensen, August Von

 

Born Dec. 6, 1849, in Haus Leiptnitz, Wittenberg District; died Nov. 8, 1945, in Burghorn, Celle District. German field marshal (1915).

Mackensen entered the army in 1868 and saw service in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. His service in the guard and his closeness to Emperor William II ensured his rapid advance in the army. He was commander of the XVII Corps in East Prussia and Poland at the beginning of World War I (1914-18). Mackensen was placed in command of the Ninth Army in November 1914; in April 1915 he took over the command of the Eleventh Army, which carried out the Gorlice breakthrough of 1915. He then commanded an Austrian-German group of armies in Poland. He was commander of an Austrian-German-Bulgarian group of armies during the rout of Serbia in the fall of 1915. Mackensen was placed in command of a German-Bulgarian group of armies in Dobruja in July 1916 and of the occupation troops in Rumania in January 1917. He retired in 1920. Mackensen actively supported the Hitlerites.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ensuing campaign in Galicia conducted by the German and Austro-Hungarian forces under Colonel General (later Field Marshal) August von Mackensen (1849-1945) and his chief of staff, Major General Hans von Seeckt (1866-1936), and the following drive into Russian Poland, brought about an interesting argument over encirclement.
Hall, Bulgaria's Road to the First World War, Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, 1996, 300-3; August von Mackensen, "Kriegstage in Bulgarian," 22 November 1935, Nachlass Mackensen, BA-MA N 39/310; OHL, Military Convention between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria, 6 September 1915, BA-MA PH 5 1/78; and DiNardo, Invasion, 32-3.
The invasion of Serbia in September--November 1915 was the last for the "military marriage" of August von Mackensen as commander and Hans von Seeckt as his Chief of Staff.
The new German 11th Army, formed under Gen August von Mackensen, included the German formations, an Austrian corps, and a Hungarian cavalry division--the first joint command in the war.
To the south, German General August von Mackensen led German, Bulgarian, and Turkish troops through the Dobrogea and into the heart of Romania.
Theo Schwarzmuller, for example, argues in his biography of August von Mackensen: "Without Gumbinnen there might possibly not have been a miracle on the Marne, that is the failure of the Schlieffen Plan," because two army corps would not have been moved to the east.
Gorlice-Tarnow was also the accomplishment of a new command team, August von Mackensen as commander and Hans von Seeckt as Chief Staff of the 11th Army.