August Wilhelm von Schlegel

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Schlegel, August Wilhelm von

(ou`go͝ost vĭl`hĕlm fən shlā`gəl), 1767–1845, German scholar and poet. With his brother, Friedrich von Schlegel, he founded the Athenaeum, which he edited (1798–1800). He served as secretary to Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte (later Charles XIVCharles XIV
(Charles John; Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte) , 1763–1844, king of Sweden and Norway (1818–44), French Revolutionary general. Bernadotte rose from the ranks, served brilliantly under Napoleon Bonaparte in the Italian campaign (1796–97), was French
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 of Sweden) and became professor (1818–45) of art and literary history at Bonn. Schlegel was one of the first critics to see the importance of social evolution in the history of art, and he was a champion of the Nibelungenlied. He is most noted for his extraordinary translations of Shakespeare (1797–1810), later completed by Ludwig Tieck and others, which established Shakespeare's greatness in Germany.

Schlegel, August Wilhelm Von

 

Born Sept. 8,1767, in Hanover; died May 12,1845, in Bonn. German literary historian and writer. Brother of F. von Schlegel.

A. von Schlegel studied classical philology at the University of Göttingen from 1787 to 1791. Beginning in 1818, he taught literary history at the University of Bonn and did work in Sanskrit studies. He was one of the founders of comparative linguistics. Schlegel belonged to the Jena school of German romantics. In his works, including the Berlin lectures on literature and aesthetics (1801–04, published 1884) and the Vienna lectures on dramatic art and literature (1808, published 1809–11), he gave the first systematic analysis of romanticism as a historical and aesthetic concept. In this analysis, which became famous throughout Europe, he contrasted ancient, classical aesthetics to modern, romantic aesthetics.

An outstanding theorist of artistic translation, Schlegel translated works by Dante, Calderón, and Petrarch; his translations of the plays of Shakespeare remain unsurpassed. Schlegel’s own literary works, including Poetic Works (1811) and his dramas, were influenced by classicism.

WORKS

Kritische Schriften und Briefe, vols. 1–6. Stuttgart, 1962–67.
In Russian translation:
“Lektsii o literature i iskusstve: Fragmenty.” In Istoriia estetiki, vol. 3. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Berkovskii, N. Ia. “Esteticheskie pozitsii nemetskogo romantizma.” In Literaturnaia teoriia nemetskogo romantizma. Leningrad, 1934.
Besenbeck, A. Kunstanschauung und Kunstlehre A. W. Schlegels. Berlin, 1930.

N. IU. PALIEVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
The third German poet wandering around Rome in 1805 and composing elegies was August Wilhelm Schlegel, the traveling companion of Mme de Stael.
Remata su aportacion con un soneto de August Wilhelm Schlegel en honor a Don Quijote y su traduccion.
And one of Wolf's admirers was August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845).
Para sus contemporaneos, esta escuela correspondia a lo que en la historia de la critica literaria se habia identificado ya como el circulo de los romanticos de Jena, aglutinados en torno a la revista Athenaum, editada por Friedrich y su hermano August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845).
Hay que tener presente, por supuesto, que August Wilhelm Schlegel, fuente teorica a la que necesitaba recurrir el no muy teorico Nicolas, no publicaria sus conferencias dictadas en Viena sobre teatro, Uber dramatische Kunst und Litteratur: Vorlesungen, hasta 1809-1811, cuando se imprimeron los tres volumenes en Heidelberg.
This positive aspect of ambiguity, perhaps the trademark of the playwright, which August Wilhelm Schlegel abhorred, justifies the detailed analysis and inventory of the various forms of irony.
August Wilhelm Schlegel, "Uber Zeichnungen zu Gedichten und John Flaxman's Umrisse" in Athenaeum: Eine Zeitschrift von August Wilhelm Schlegel und Friedrich Schlegel, ed.
The German philologist, August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845), Friedrich's brother, was quite dismissive.
Next in quantity are Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, and August Wilhelm Schlegel.
The most important productions of his association with salon society in fin-de-siecle Berlin all appeared then: the Reden and the Monologen, of course, but also the Vertraute Briefe uber Friedrich Schlegels Lucinde and occasional writings that appeared regularly in the Athenaeum, for which Schleiermacher assumed editorial responsibility after Friedrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel moved to Jena in September 1799.
It is very clear what the focus of any such listing must be: namely, on the work produced during the last decade of the eighteenth century in Jena, where Novalis, Schelling, Schleiermacher, Tieck, and Freidrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel lived for much of the time, and where they were visited by Fichte, Hegel, Holderlin, and Jean Paul, in a configuration culminating in the brilliant if short-lived publication of the Athenaeum (1798-1800).
After the death of her first husband (1788), Schelling's erotic attachment to a French officer involved her in serious political trouble, from which she was rescued by August Wilhelm Schlegel, whom she then married in 1796.