Augusta


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Augusta

(ougo͞o`stä), city (1991 pop. 34,189), E Sicily, Italy, on an island (formerly a peninsula) in the Ionian Sea, connected by bridge with the Sicilian mainland. It is a leading port and a fishing and industrial center. Manufactures include refined petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, and fertilizer. The city was a Greek settlement and then a Roman military base. It was refounded by Emperor Frederick II in 1232 and later (15th–early 16th cent.) was a thriving banking town. Augusta was badly damaged by earthquakes in 1693 and 1848. Of note is Frederick II's castle (now a penitentiary).

Augusta

(ôgŭs`tə, əgŭs`–). 1 City (1990 pop. 44,639), seat of Richmond co., E Ga.; inc. 1798. At the head of navigation on the Savannah River and protected by levees, Augusta is the trade center for a broad band of counties in Georgia and South Carolina known as the Central Savannah River Area. It is also an important industrial center, manufacturing textiles, chemicals, building materials, medical supplies, tools, and wood, paper, metal, and plastic products. The city is the headquarters of the Augusta National Golf Club and sponsors the annual Masters Tournament.

Augusta grew from an old river trading post existing as early as 1717 and was named by James OglethorpeOglethorpe, James Edward
, 1696–1785, English general and philanthropist, founder of the American colony of Georgia. He had some military experience before being elected (1722) to the House of Commons, where he held a seat for 32 years.
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 in 1735 after the mother of George III. In the American Revolution, Augusta changed hands several times and was finally taken by Continental forces under Andrew Pickens and Light-Horse Harry Lee in 1781. It was the capital of Georgia from 1785 to 1795. Augusta expanded rapidly with the tobacco and cotton industries. By 1820 the city was a trade terminus; manufacturing began in 1828, when Augusta's first textile plant began operation. During the Civil War, Augusta housed the largest Confederate powderworks.

The city's historical attractions include a boyhood home of President Woodrow Wilson, a U.S. arsenal (1815–1955), whose surviving buildings are part of Augusta State Univ., and old homes of Georgian and classic-revival styles. Paine College and Georgia Medical College are also in Augusta. Nearby is Fort Gordon, with training schools for military police, the signal corps, and the corps of engineers. The waterfront facing the Savannah River has been landscaped, creating a riverfront promenade along the levee with an amphitheater. The former Cotton Exchange building now serves as a visitor's center and museum.

2 City (1990 pop. 21,325), state capital and seat of Kennebec co., SW Maine, on the Kennebec River; inc. as a town 1797, as a city 1849. Government, health services, and education are now the important industries. Traders visited the site, long known as Cushnoc, even before 1628, when the Plymouth Company established a trading post. Fort Western was built in 1754, and Benedict ArnoldArnold, Benedict,
1741–1801, American Revolutionary general and traitor, b. Norwich, Conn. As a youth he served for a time in the colonial militia in the French and Indian Wars. He later became a prosperous merchant.
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's expedition to Quebec assembled at the fort in 1775. (The garrison house was restored as a museum in 1921.) The settlement around the fort developed with shipping and shipbuilding on the Kennebec. Manufacturing began in 1837, when a dam was built across the river; the dam was removed in 1999. The capitol building (1829) was designed by Charles BulfinchBulfinch, Charles,
1763–1844, American architect, b. Boston. A member of the Boston board of selectmen in 1791, he was chosen chairman in 1799—an office equivalent to mayor and held by Bulfinch for 19 years.
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 but has been considerably enlarged and remodeled. James G. BlaineBlaine, James Gillespie,
1830–93, American politician, b. West Brownsville, Pa. Early Career

Blaine taught school and studied law before moving (1854) to Maine, where he became an influential newspaper editor.
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's early 19-century home is the governor's mansion. A branch of the Univ. of Maine is there.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Augusta

 

a city in the southeastern USA, in the state of Georgia, on the right bank of the Savannah River. Population, 60,000 (1970); including suburbs, 253,500. It is a junction of railroad lines and highways. In 1969, 31,000 workers were engaged in industry. Industries include textiles, woodworking, paper and pulp, chemicals, and food processing. Nearby (on the left bank of the Savannah River) is one of the main centers of the atomic industry in the USA.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Augusta

1. a town in the US, in Georgia. Pop.: 193 316 (2003 est.) (including Richmond)
2. a port in S Italy, in E Sicily. Pop.: 33 820 (2001)
3. a city in the US, in Maine: the state capital; founded (1628) as a trading post; timber industry. Pop.: 18 618 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Price said: 'Augusta takes no prisoners and if you're not focused and not playing well you'll be in deep trouble.
This is the sixth acquisition in Augusta, GA for a Lexerd-sponsored fund.
Release date- 21082019 - BAE Systems officially opened offices in the new Georgia Cyber Center with a ribbon cutting ceremony this week, growing its presence in Augusta and furthering its commitment to innovation.
London, United Kingdom, August 04, 2019 --(PR.com)-- Augusta, the UK's largest litigation and dispute funding institution by case volume - with a team of 70 in London - today announces the appointment of Polly Bahl as Chief Operating Officer, based in London.
FROM NEIL McLEMAN in Augusta GREYBEARD Ian Poulter claimed he has "nothing to lose" after using his Masters experience to equal his best opening round at Augusta.
With the successful staging of the Augusta National Women's Amateur on Saturday, the home of the Masters removed a little more of the stain left by decades of gender discrimination.
Reigning Asian Games individual gold medalist Yuka Saso of the Philippines closed out with a three-under-par 69 on Saturday to finish third in the first-ever Augusta National Women's Amateur in Georgia.
Augusta -- Striking blows for gender equality with every swing at former men-only enclave Augusta National Golf Club, women golfers competed for a trophy for the first time Saturday at the home of the Masters.
American Jennifer Kupcho became the first woman to capture a championship at former all-male enclave Augusta National Golf Club, outdueling Mexico's Maria Fassi on Saturday to win at the famed home of the Masters.
FRANCESCO MOLINARI can go from caddie to champion at Augusta now he has the "artillery", according to his coach Denis Pugh.
Saso eyes strong finish in Augusta Amateurs !-- -- (The Philippine Star) - April 7, 2019 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines Yuka Saso hopes to make the most of her historic stint at the home of the Masters as she tries to overcome a six-stroke deficit in pursuit of the inaugural Augusta National Women's Amateur crown at Augusta National in Georgia Saturday (Sunday in Manila).