Mérida

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Mérida

(mā`rēthä), city (1990 pop. 523,422), capital of Yucatán state, SE Mexico. It is the chief commercial, communications, and cultural center of the Yucatán peninsula. Founded (1542) by Francisco de MontejoMontejo, Francisco de
, c.1479–c.1548, Spanish conquistador. He served in Cuba under Diego Velásquez, later commanded a vessel in the expedition of Juan de Grijalva, and joined Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
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, the younger, on the site of a ruined Mayan city, Mérida has many fine examples of Spanish colonial architecture, notably the 16th-century cathedral. Rooftop windmills, characteristic of this region, are used to pump water from underground wells and streams. The limited nature of the soil has made Mérida commercially dependent upon the large crops of henequen (see sisal hempsisal hemp
[from Sisal, former chief port of Yucatan], important cordage fiber obtained from the leaves of the sisal hemp plant, an extensively cultivated tropical agave (family Agavaceae or Liliaceae).
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) from the surrounding region, and on tourists visiting nearby Mayan ruins, notably Chichén ItzáChichén Itzá
, city of the ancient Maya, central Yucatán, Mexico. It was founded around two large cenotes, or natural wells. According to one system of dating, it was founded c.
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 and UxmalUxmal
, ancient city, northern Yucatán peninsula, Mexico. A Late Classic period Maya center situated in the Puuc hills, Uxmal flourished between 600 and 900. It is one of the finest expressions of Maya architecture known as the Puuc style.
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.

Mérida,

city (1990 pop. 53,732), Badajoz prov., SW Spain, in Extremadura, on the Guadiana River. It is a rail hub and agricultural center producing textiles, leather, and cork. The colony Emerita Augusta, founded by the Romans in the 1st cent. B.C., it became the capital of LusitaniaLusitania
, Roman province in the Iberian Peninsula. As constituted (c.A.D. 5) by Augustus it included all of modern central Portugal as well as much of W Spain. The province took its name from the Lusitani, a group of warlike tribes who, despite defeats, resisted Roman
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. Its Roman remains, among the most important in Spain, include a magnificent bridge, a triumphal arch, a theater with marble columns, an aqueduct, a temple, an imposing circus, and an amphitheater. Mérida was later the chief city of Visigothic Lusitania. It fell (713) to the Moors, under whom it prospered. Conquered (1228) by Alfonso IX of León, it was given to the Knights of Santiago but quickly declined.

Mérida

(mārē`dĕ), city (1990 pop. 170,902), capital of Mérida state, W Venezuela. The highest city in Venezuela, Mérida has fishing and a variety of light manufacturing, in addition to such popular tourist activities as skiing and mountaineering. Founded in 1558, it became a religious and educational center. It is the site of the Universidad de los Andes (1785).

Mérida

 

a city in southeastern Mexico, on the Yucatan Peninsula, and the administrative center of the state of Yucatan. Population, 253,800 (1970). Mérida is a highway and railroad junction and has an international airport. It is the center of one of the world’s largest henequen-producing regions, and its chief industries are textiles (henequen processing), food processing, and metalworking. Products are shipped through the port of Progreso. Mérida has a university and is a popular tourist center.

Mérida’s rectangular network of streets follows the layout of the ancient Maya city on whose site it was built. Most of the buildings dating from the 16th through the 18th century resemble fortresses. Noteworthy buildings include the San Ildefonso Cathedral (1563-99; principal architects, P. de Aulestia and F. de Alarcón), whose south tower was added in 1713; the San Francisco monastery (1561; architect, A. de Tarancón), Montejo House (1549-51), built in the plateresque style; and the churches of Las Monjas (1610-33), La Mejorada (1640), La Tercera (late 17th century), San Cristóbal (1755-99), and San Juan de Dios (1770). The Yucatán Museum of Archaeology and History contains collections of Maya pottery and sculpture and artworks dating from the colonial period.

REFERENCE

Cervantes, E. A. Bosquejo del desarrollo de la ciudad de Mérida. Mexico City, 1945.

Mérida

 

a city in western Venezuela and the administrative center of the state of Mérida. Population, 75,600 (1970). Mérida is a transportation junction and is the center of an agricultural region. The food-processing and textile industries are located there.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ningun escritor antiguo alude a la existencia en Augusta Emerita de un templo dedicado a Augusto (23).
no solo equipara a Colonia Patricia con las otras dos capitales provinciales hispanas, Tarraco y Augusta Emerita, que contaron asimismo entonces con recintos distintos a sus foros presididos por aedes monumentales dedicadas a Divus Augustus.
componian el paisaje funerario de las areas extramuros de la ciudad de Augusta Emerita, ampliamente documentado a lo largo de estos anos de intensa actividad arqueologica (Marquez, 2008: 443-469; Bejarano, 2002: 232-233, Molano y Alvarado, 1994: 333-335).
Hay que valorar que uno de los comerciantes dedicados a estos menesteres en la parte mas occidental del Imperio se localiza precisamente en Augusta Emerita.
Alvarez Martinez, directores sucesivos de las excavaciones de Merida y del Patronato de la Ciudad Monumental, avanzaron a la sazon nuevas ideas, resultado de la investigacion en diversos puntos de la ciudad, y ofrecieron un resumen de lo que pudo ser el esquema urbano de Augusta Emerita, a sabiendas de que buena parte de los datos que entonces se expresaban tenian el caracter de hipotesis, mas o menos plausibles, pero sujetas a los cambios que el avance del conocimiento sobre la antigua colonia podia originar (24).
Alba Calzado, director cientifico del Consorcio actualmente, ha ofrecido una generosa aportacion en la revision diacronica de Augusta Emerita, debiendose a su autoria importantes reflexiones topograficas y de ocupacion evolutiva del suelo colonial (27).
Las elites sociales de Augusta Emerita, Merida 1997, 149.
El retrato privado eta Augusta Emerita, Badajoz 1997, n.
IX, 141) analiza los tintes naturales de procedencia animal cita a las cochinillas traidas de Augusta Emerita como las mas cotizadas de la Peninsula Iberica, compitiendo en calidad con las de Galatia que eran las mas afamadas del Imperio (6).
El enterramiento A39 se integra en un area funeraria muy extensa que ocupo el sector NE extramuros de la ciudad de Augusta Emerita, al menos entre los ss.
Antes de comenzar con la valoracion cronologica propiamente dicha, realizaremos un breve recorrido historiografico de la produccion alfarera en Augusta Emerita.
The inevitable connection between the creation of the province Lusitania and the founding of Augusta Emerita, along with the determination of their limits during the Roman period are essential, because, probably, are those set in this time the force during the Late Antiquity.
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