Auguste Bravais


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Bravais, Auguste

 

Born Aug. 28, 1811, in Annonay; died Mar. 30, 1863, in Versailles. French crystallographer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1854) and professor at a poly technical school in Paris.

Bravais founded the geometric theory of the structure of crystals. He discovered the fundamental forms of spatial lattices, known as Bravais lattices, and advanced the hypothesis that they are constructed from points uniformly distributed in space.

WORKS

“Note sur les polyèdres symétriques de la géometrie.” Journal de mathématiques pures et appliquées, 1849, vol. 19.
“Sur les systèmes formés par des points distribués régulièrement sur un plan ou dans l’espace.” Journal de l’Ecole polytechnique, 1850, vol. 19.
Etudes cristallographiques. Paris, 1866.
References in periodicals archive ?
Auguste Bravais born; a French natural philosopher; wrote on astronomy.
In 1837, crystallographer Auguste Bravais and his brother Louis, a botanist, used this relationship to prove that in golden-angle spirals, the numbers of clockwise and counterclockwise spiral arms must be consecutive Fibonacci numbers.