Auguste Bravais


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bravais, Auguste

 

Born Aug. 28, 1811, in Annonay; died Mar. 30, 1863, in Versailles. French crystallographer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1854) and professor at a poly technical school in Paris.

Bravais founded the geometric theory of the structure of crystals. He discovered the fundamental forms of spatial lattices, known as Bravais lattices, and advanced the hypothesis that they are constructed from points uniformly distributed in space.

WORKS

“Note sur les polyèdres symétriques de la géometrie.” Journal de mathématiques pures et appliquées, 1849, vol. 19.
“Sur les systèmes formés par des points distribués régulièrement sur un plan ou dans l’espace.” Journal de l’Ecole polytechnique, 1850, vol. 19.
Etudes cristallographiques. Paris, 1866.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Auguste Bravais born; a French natural philosopher; wrote on astronomy.
In 1837, crystallographer Auguste Bravais and his brother Louis, a botanist, used this relationship to prove that in golden-angle spirals, the numbers of clockwise and counterclockwise spiral arms must be consecutive Fibonacci numbers.