Auguste Mariette


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mariette, Auguste

 

Born Feb. 11, 1821, in Boulogne; died Jan. 19, 1881, in Cairo. French Egyptologist and archaeologist. Member of the Academy of Inscriptions (1878).

In 1851, during excavations in Egypt, Mariette discovered the temple of the god Serapis in Memphis. From 1854 to 1858 he worked as conservator of the Egyptian collection of the Louvre. In 1858 he returned to Egypt and, upon request of the khedive, founded and headed the Antiquities Service and the Egyptian Museum. Mariette conducted excavations in Tanis, Memphis, Saggara, Medum (Meidum), Abydos, Thebes, and Gebel Barkal, discovering many of the most important inscriptions and monuments of the art and material culture of the ancient Egyptians. Mariette was elevated to the rank of pasha and buried in the courtyard of the Egyptian Museum.

WORKS

Le Sérapéum de Memphis. Paris, 1882.
Denderah …, vols. 1-6. Paris, 1870-75.
Deir-el-Bahari…, vols. 1-2. Leipzig, 1877.
Abydos.. ., vols. 1-2. Paris, 1869-80.
Les Mastaba de VAncien Empire, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1882.
Oeuvres diverses, vol. 1. Paris, 1904.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Manuscripts of Opera Aida were found in the Nile Valley, written by the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, who was commissioned by Khedive Ismail Pasha.
In the closing pages, Reid mentions that in 1981 the busts of famous Egyptologists were moved into the garden of the Egyptian Museum, as a backdrop to the sarcophagus of the legendary French archaeologist Auguste Mariette. Then, 'the European busts in the pantheon were rearranged to make room for those of five Egyptian Egyptologists.' Contesting Antiquity in Egypt does the same in scholarly terms.
In yet another of Cairo's many interrelated ironies, it was that same sniper-employing Hosni Mubarak who, as President of Egypt, had opened the National Cultural Centre, and it is just outside the entrance to the defended Egyptian Museum on Tahrir Square that visitors can gaze upon a bust of Auguste Mariette, the Egyptologist who is often credited with writing the story that inspired Verdi's Aida.
French archaeologist Auguste Mariette, in the Khedive's service, wrote a brief plot which eventually served the respected Italian librettist Antonio Ghislanzoni as a basis for his libretto.
The first chapter ostensibly describes the "discovery" of Abydos, but, although it speaks briefly of the work of Auguste Mariette and Flinders Petrie, much of it is taken up with an overview of the ancient history of the site.
Founded in 1858 by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, the museum contains more than 100,000 artifacts, including the world renowned -- and reputedly cursed -- treasures from Tutankhamen's tomb.
Currently a centrepiece of the main hall at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the double statue was unearthed in 1889 at Medinet Habu on the west bank of the Nile by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette.
An opera originally in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto is based on a scenario written by a French Egyptologist called Auguste Mariette.
The four name-lists are as follows ("D[endera]" and "E[dfu]" refer to Emile Chassinat's monumental editions of the Dendera and Edfu texts, MD to Dendera texts so far published only by Auguste Mariette in 1870-73): (1) E V 346,6-347,5 (40 names); (2) D VI 165,10-169,7 (146 names); (3) MD I 16b, 1-11 (136 names); and (4) D VII 140,2 (3 names).
A prime mover in the effort to save Egypt's antiquities was the Frenchman Auguste Mariette. In 1850, Mariette was sent to Egypt by the authorities of the Louvre to acquire Coptic manuscripts for its collections.
When Auguste Mariette, the French archaeologist excavated in Egypt during the 1860s, he was not the first and would certainly not be the last.