Auguste Perret


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Perret, Auguste

 

Born Feb. 12, 1874, in Brussels; died Mar. 4, 1954, in Paris. French architect.

Perret studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris with L. S. Bernier and J. Guadet. In 1928 he became a professor at the Special School of Architecture in Paris. He was made an honorary president of the International Union of Architects in 1948.

Perret was among the first to design buildings entirely of reinforced concrete. Seeking to endow the framework with aesthetic qualities, as in half-timber (fachwerke) Gothic buildings, he strove for the complete coordination of architectural form and design. This is evident in many of his buildings in Paris, including an apartment house on Franklin Street (1903), a garage on Ponthieu Street (1905-06, demolished in the 1960’s), a theater on the Champs Elysées (1911-13), and the Church of Notre Dame du Raincy (1922-23).

For primarily utilitarian purposes, Perret’s industrial designs were as simple and efficient as possible. Such designs characterized the docks in Casablanca (1915), a plant in Montataire (Oise Department, 1920), and a plant in Issoire (Puy-de-Dôme Department, 1939). Attempts to combine efficient construction methods with a neoclassical style, which marked Perret’s work in the 1920’s and 1930’s, resulted eventually in a dryness of form (for example, the Nuclear Research Center in Saclay, Essonne Department, 1947-53). During the last years of his life, the architect worked on large-scale urban construction projects, such as the reconstruction of the destroyed parts of Le Havre (begun in 1947).

WORKS

Contribution à une théorie de l’architecture. Paris [1952].

REFERENCES

Rogers, E. A. Perret. Milan, 1955.
Zahar, M. D’une doctrine d’architecture: A. Perret. Paris [1959].

A. D. SARAB’IANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Further along is the old Saint-George Hotel, designed in the 1920s by Parisian architect Auguste Perret and now little more than a shell.
Designed by Auguste Perret, the 107m high tower contains 12,768 individual panes of coloured glass.
Architect Auguste Perret was commissioned to re-build the city.
In the 1920s, Auguste Perret, the great French master of reinforced concrete, argued that 'the maimed cathedral' at Reims, pulverised by German shells during the First World War, should not have been restored: 'The traces of War should not have been erased; the memory fades only too quickly.' During the next war there was a move to preserve certain buildings, gutted by bombs, as war memorials.
The centre was rebuilt by "concrete poet" architect Auguste Perret and in 2005, it became the first 20th century European urban settlement to be awarded World Heritage status.
Renowned architect Auguste Perret designed several buildings in Egypt, three of which are in Alexandria.
In this video--commissioned by Marseille-Provence 2013, Capitale Europeenne de la Culture, for the exhibition "Ici, Ailleurs" (Here, Elsewhere) at La Friche Belle de Mai art center in Marseille--there is not one but a conglomeration of places that together form a hybrid construction site, a working space synthesized from architectural renderings of the Pratt & Whitney aircraft-engine factory in East Hartford, Connecticut (built by Albert Kahn Associates in 1941), drawings of interiors by Andrea Palladio, and Auguste Perret's plan for Theatre des Champs-Elysees, among others.
Cette atteinte aux batiments de grande valeur architecturale et historique d'Alexandrie, fait suite a l'endommagement, trois ans auparavant, d'un chef-d'oeuvre de la premiere moitie du 20e siecle, lorsqu'on a demoli la villa Aghion, l'oeuvre d'Auguste Perret, et qui fut eventree a coups de bulldozer.
A chapel in the building--designed by architect Auguste Perret, one of the pioneers in the use of reinforced concrete--enabled those attending the House of Ananias to learn the liturgy and join a community of worshipers.
Archive drawings (many on public display for the first time) are complemented by venerable items of Perret-designed furniture, selected books and magazines from Auguste Perret's own library, art works by friends, clients and associates, a sample chunk of the original, hexagonal glass bricks from the staircase enclosure at the Perret's celebrated apartment block at 25 bis rue Franklin (1903, Paris) and a full-size replica in concrete and stained glass of part of the window-wall at Notre-Dame de la Consolation (1923, Le Raincy).
5 PERRET IN FRANCE AND ALGERIA (Heinz Emigholz) Emigholz's taxonomic catalogue of Auguste Perret's modernist buildings re-creates the tension between the ultrarational and the subtly exuberant in the architect's best work.