Auguste Piccard


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Piccard, Auguste

 

Born Jan. 28, 1884, in Lutry, Vaud; died Mar. 25, 1962, in Lausanne. Swiss physicist. Designer of stratosphere balloons and bathyscaphes.

In 1931 and 1932, Piccard carried out flights in stratosphere balloons of his own design for the purpose of studying cosmic rays; he reached an altitude of 16,370 m. In 1948 and 1953, using bathyscaphes he had designed himself, he descended to depths as great as 3,160 m in the Tyrrhenian Sea.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1937, during a reception he was attending, the Swiss physicist Auguste Piccard told King Leopold III of Belgium that he was planning to build a bathyscaph to reach the bottom of the sea.
Piccard, a psychiatrist, is the son of undersea explorer Jacques Piccard and a grandson of balloonist Auguste Piccard. In 1999, he became the first person to circumnavigate the globe non-stop in a hot air balloon.
Auguste Piccard's bathyscaphe, FNRS-2 which reaches a depth of 3131.80 meters.
1884: Auguste Piccard. Swiss balloonist and deep sea explorer.
In the 1930s, scientist Auguste Piccard broke a number of altitude records during a series of European balloon flights.
He is a grandson of Auguste Piccard, who made pioneering balloon ascents into the stratosphere in the 1930s.
Norse chieftain Eric the Red, Swiss physicist and explorer Auguste Piccard, German composer Ludwig van Beethoven and nearly 90 other European historical figures filled the Mill Pond School cafeteria April 11 for Europe Day.
On May 25th, 1931, few thought that Auguste Piccard and the engineer Paul Kipfer would be the first to reach 49,212 ft (15,000 m) in the pressurized cabin of the FNRS-1 balloon in their 16-hour voyage over the Alps.
50 YEARS AGO: Professor Auguste Piccard has made his first experimental dive in the ocean aboard his "Bathyscape" says a Belgian report.
This was not satisfactory to the Swiss physicist Auguste Piccard (1884-1962), who wanted to study the ionosphere and cosmic rays more intimately than the instruments of the day made possible.