Augustinians

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Augustinians

Augustinians, religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. The name derives from the Rule of St. Augustine (5th cent.?), which established rules for monastic observance and common religious life. The canons regular, made up of ordained clergy, adopted this rule in the 11th cent. and became known as Augustinian, or Austin, canons. Augustinian canons pursue a life of poverty, celibacy, and obedience without withdrawing from the world. Subsequent orders of canons regular, such as the Premonstratensians, are outgrowths of the Augustinians. The Austin friars are an entirely different group of religious, dating from the 13th cent. (see friar). Officially known as Hermits of St. Augustine, they now exist in three independent branches—the Calced Augustinian Hermits, the more austere and less numerous Discalced Augustinian Hermits, and the Recollects of St. Augustine. There are also congregations of women corresponding to both canons and friars.
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References in periodicals archive ?
From the first, the cathedral canons accompanying Dominic Guzman and their bishop, Diego of Osma, lived according to the Augustinian Rule. It seems most likely that the first Sisters settled by Dominic at Fanjeaux and Prouille would likewise have lived an Augustinian form of religious life.
(15) The Augustinian Rule allowed for individual reading, and stipulated oral-aural reading at meals and in the evening.
The Preachers had adopted the Augustinian Rule as it was the most suitable to their active preaching vocation.
(58) It would seem from the chapter on the taking of vows that the Strasbourg Sisters understood they were living according to the Augustinian Rule and their own customs.
The textual pillars of this program, executed by Richard Whitford and John Fewterer with the approval of Abbess Agnes Jordan (abbess 1520-1546), were: 1) Whitford's translation of the Augustinian rule with his own English commentary as well as his English translation of Hugh of St.
The texts are eclectic in origin: if this is indeed an Augustinian manuscript it is interesting that it includes texts by Rolle, who had a close association with the Cistercians; by St Bridget, who had founded her own Order of the Most Holy Saviour (which followed the Augustinian Rule) for men and women; and by the Franciscan saint Bonaventure.
In 1232, Gregory IX placed the Penitente Sisters of St Agnes of Strasburg under the Augustinian Rule and the San Sisto institutiones, (18) which they then supplemented with a set of local statutes.
The adoption of the Rule of St Augustine by the Order of Preachers in 1216 was necessitated by the decision of the Fourth Lateran Council that all new orders should commit to either the Benedictine or the Augustinian Rule. The friars chose their Rule in keeping with their canonical background and their secular ministry; the Rule's relatively undemanding regulations would suit their preaching mission.
The women's community that Dominic had settled at Prouille in 1206 to 1207, had lived, like Dominic and his preachers, under the Augustinian Rule. (31) While this was apposite to the little informal group at Prouille, it was exceptional that, when Dominic organized the nuns of Rome into a single enclosed community at San Sisto, he should retain the Augustinian Rule as the basis for their enclosed religio?