Augustinians

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Augustinians,

religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. The name derives from the Rule of St. Augustine (5th cent.?), which established rules for monastic observance and common religious life. The canons regular, made up of ordained clergy, adopted this rule in the 11th cent. and became known as Augustinian, or Austin, canons. Augustinian canons pursue a life of poverty, celibacy, and obedience without withdrawing from the world. Subsequent orders of canons regular, such as the Premonstratensians, are outgrowths of the Augustinians. The Austin friars are an entirely different group of religious, dating from the 13th cent. (see friarfriar
[Lat. frater=brother], member of certain Roman Catholic religious orders, notably, the Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. Although a general form of address in the New Testament, since the 13th cent.
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). Officially known as Hermits of St. Augustine, they now exist in three independent branches—the Calced Augustinian Hermits, the more austere and less numerous Discalced Augustinian Hermits, and the Recollects of St. Augustine. There are also congregations of women corresponding to both canons and friars.
References in periodicals archive ?
Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk in Germany and a minor academic at a university in a small town called Wittenberg, nailed 95 theses to a church door.
The deafening silence in America about ProtestantismEs founding principles becomes even more paradoxical when we realize that this month marks the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, when the German Augustinian monk Martin Luther tacked his 95 Theses to the church door in Wittenberg.
Such was the life of Martin Luther, an Augustinian monk, who in 1517, expressed concern for the livelihood of the church.
Although Messier and his countrymen were unparalleled comet hunters, it was an Augustinian monk in Sicily who first spotted a new one low on the western horizon on September 9, 1807.
This began in Europe when an Augustinian monk, Martin Luther, who initially was simply protesting the Church practice of granting indulgences from time spent in Purgatory through monetary contributions, posted 95 Theses for debate on the cathedral door of Wittenberg, in the central province of Saxony.
The Luther Effect: Protestantism--500 Years in the World," an exhibition opening in Berlin in April, is one of many in Germany and beyond that will mark the five hundredth anniversary of the Augustinian monk Martin Luther's challenge to the Roman Catholic Church.
In fact, Roger Bacon, an English Franciscan monk, laid out the basic scientific experimental method back in the 1200s; Gregor Mendel, a Moravian Augustinian monk, discovered genetics; and George Lemaitre, a Belgian priest, first proposed the "big bang theory.
with Leonardo Boff, Hermann Kung, and Hans Kung), through the lens of the theologian's biographers; his vocational development (from childhood to becoming a theologian; and, as a representative of the church, during his teaching posts, in the CDF, or as primate); and a careful analysis of his ecumenical theology (from his first research on die Frage der Einheit as an Augustinian monk, to his study of the historical theology of Bonnaventura, to his other publications while serving in the Second Vatican Council and CDF, including Die Christliche Bruderlichkeit [1958], Kirche, Okumene, Politik [1986], Dominus Iesus [2000], a consolidated anthology [Weggemeinshaft des Glaubens (2002)], and bis polemics).
It was on that day that the Augustinian monk Martin Luther posted his famed 95 theses on the entrance door of Wittenberg's Castle Church and sparked the Protestant Reformation.
Spinoza (1632-77), exiled from his Jewish community for beliefs that, in the words of an Augustinian monk reporting to the Spanish Inquisition, "reached the point of atheism," lived out his days in a rented room in Holland, grinding glass for lenses.
27 Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel's researches make him a key figure in the history of which science?
Foresti, an Augustinian monk who lived mostly in Brescia, sought to reinforce "traditional female stereotypes and female subordination" that appeared to be losing ground in the Ferrarese court (7, 118-19).