Augustus III

Augustus III

Augustus III, 1696–1763, king of Poland (1735–63) and, as Frederick Augustus II, elector of Saxony (1733–63); son of Augustus II, whom he succeeded in Saxony. Elected king of Poland by a minority, he allied himself with Empress Anna of Russia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–35) and secured the throne from Stanislaus I. In the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48), Augustus at first offered to support Maria Theresa in return for a corridor between Poland and Saxony. He was refused and entered the coalition against her, claiming rights as a son-in-law of her uncle, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I. He changed sides in 1742. When the Seven Years War began (1756) with a surprise attack on Saxony, Augustus fled to Poland; he returned to Dresden only after the war was over (1763). He was a patron of the arts, and his indolence and sensuality kept him from state affairs, which he left to his ministers, notably Count Brühl. Augustus's death ended the union of Saxony and Poland. His grandson became elector of Saxony (and later, as Frederick Augustus I, king), but Stanislaus II was elected king of Poland with Russian support.
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Zelenka started to compose his Lamentatio leremiae Prophetae, ZWV 53, and Responsoria pro hebdomada sancta, ZWV 55, in 1722 to commission for the Dresden royal court, most likely upon the initiative of Maria Josepha, Archduchess of Austria, wife of King Augustus III of Poland.
The recordbusting example was a magnificent Meissen gold-mounted royal snuff box made for augustus iii, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland.
Fortunately, Augustus III enthusiastically pursued his father's vision, and precisely observed, brightly painted birds of all kinds--doves, woodpeckers, wagtails, golden orioles--arrived from the factory until deliveries dried up in 1737, the project incomplete.
The Meissen plate was a gift from Augustus III, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, to Sir Charles Hanbury Williams in 1748, probably passing to the then Earl of Northumberland in 1756.
The former describes the history of the richness and the development of Dresden, which acquired its cornucopia of architectural treasures from the electors of Saxony, Augustus the Strong and his son Augustus III. The latter focuses on the development and decline of Munich and Nuremberg, two of the preeminent early modern artistic centres of the Holy Roman Empire.
They are those of Frederick-Augustus II, Elector of Saxony, King Augustus III of Poland and his wife Queen Maria-Josepha.
if the book has any faults, they are those of the genre; the concentration on the central figure necessarily leaves the wider background to be filled in with brush-strokes which are occasionally too broad: the depiction of Poniatowski's predecessor, Augustus III, is highly entertaining, for example, but fails to take account of recent work which has confronted the myths of that reign as Zamoyski has so admirably done for Poniatowski's.
1735 Made for Augustus III, who was elected King of Poland in 1733.
Under Augustus III'a patronage, and with the artistic freedom of the baroque age rolling into the rococo, his innovations ranged from naturalistic painted birds and harlequins to neoclassical statues and the technical challenge of life-size animals--the final gallery is a zoo of greyhounds, pugs and a fox, goat, lion, macaw and peacock.
Through Francesco Algarotti, he managed to find a purchaser for La Chocolatiere in the Saxon Elector Friedrich August II, who was also Augustus III, King of Poland-Lithuania.
He paid 27,060 [pounds sterling] to repatriate a plate missing from the service given by Augustus III, King of Poland to Sir Charles Hanbury Williams in 1748, which probably passed to the then Earl of Northumberland in 1756.