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Related to Aurengzeb: Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb Alamgir


(ôr`əngzĕb') or


(–zĭb'), 1618–1707, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1658–1707), son and successor of Shah JahanShah Jahan
or Shah Jehan
, 1592–1666, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58), son and successor of Jahangir. His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. He rebelled against his father in 1622 but was pardoned and succeeded to the throne in 1628.
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. He served (1636–44, 1653–58) as viceroy of the Deccan but was constantly at odds with his father and his eldest brother, Dara Shikoh, the heir apparent. When Shah Jahan fell ill in 1658, Aurangzeb seized the opportunity to fight and defeat Dara and two other brothers in a battle for succession. He imprisoned his father for life and ascended the throne at Agra with the reign title Alamgir [world-shaker]. A scholarly, austere man, devoted to Islam, he persecuted the Hindus, destroying their temples and monuments. He executed the guru of the Sikhs (see SikhismSikhism
, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North America, Australia, and Singapore.
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) when he refused to embrace Islam. Although the Mughal empire reached its greatest extent under Aurangzeb, it was also fatally weakened by revolts of the Sikhs, Rajputs, and Jats in the north and the rebellion of the Marathas in the Deccan. From 1682, Aurangzeb concentrated all his energies on crushing the Marathas, but his costly campaigns were only temporarily successful and further weakened his authority in the north. The Mughal empire fell apart soon after his death.


See biographies by Sir Jadunath Sarkar (5 vol., 1912–24) and M. Lal (1988); studies by S. Lane-Poole (1964) and R. C. Hallissey (1977).



Born 1618; died 1707. Last true ruler of the Mogul Empire (1658–1707). Son of Shah Jahan.

Aurangzeb was vicegerent of the Deccan from 1636 to 1644 and 1652 to 1657. In the war for the throne among the four sons of Shah Jahan (1658–59), Aurangzeb was victorious less because of his military superiority than because of intrigue, bribery, and deceit. He killed all the other claimants to the throne and put his father under house arrest.

Aurangzeb waged wars to seize Kandahar and Balkh in the north and Ahmadnahar, Bijapur, and Golconda in the Deccan. To pay for these costly wars, Aurangzeb increased taxes and renewed the jizya. Carrying out a policy of Muslim intolerance, he destroyed Hindu temples, confiscated the property of Hindu merchants, and annexed the lands of Hindu feudal lords. This provoked a Maratha uprising throughout the country, led by Sivaji, the Jats, the Rajput princes, and the Sikhs. The disintegration of the empire was accelerated by Aurangzeb’s harsh religious intolerance. At the end of Aurangzeb’s life, his sons rebelled against him. Under Aurangzeb, European trading companies became stronger in India.


Bernier, F. Istoriia poslednikh politicheskikh perevorotov v gosudarstve Velikogo Mogola. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from French.)
Sarkar, J. The History of Aurangzib[2nd-3rd ed.], vols. 1–6. Calcutta, 1924–28.


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At this, the said Patwari Aurengzeb pointed pistol at him and threatened him of dire consequences.
MNAs Raja Javed Ikhlas, Tahira Aurengzeb, Malik Ibrar, Zaib un Nisa Awan and Seema Jilani, MPAs Raja Hanif Advocate, Malik Iftikhar, Tehseen Fawad and Iftikhar
Pakistan Embassy chargA d'affairs Aurengzeb said of the 14 Pakistanis injured, three were still in critical condition and being treated at the BDF Hospital.
Nawabzada Muhsin Ali Khan-Central vice President, Aurengzeb Kansi-Central General Secretary, Riaz Bangash-Central information Secretary, Haji Muhammad Khan Masood-FATA President, Fareed Toofan-Provincial President, Lawangeen Khan-Provincial General Secretary, Rana Zahid-President Punjab, Qasim Jan-General Secretary Sindh were among the speakers.
Those who attended included MNAs Raja Javed Ikhlas, Malik Ibrar, Seema Jillani, Maryum Aurengzeb, Asia Tanoli, MPAs Sarfraz Afzal, Raja Muhammad Ali, Zaibun Nisa Awan, Naseem Ahmed Satti, Shaukat Aziz Bhatti, Engr.
President Aurengzeb Khan said that Eid Allowance is the right of the employees under the agreement.
Azhar Jadoon, Raja Amir Zaman, Sar Zameen Khan, Nargis Bibi, Haji Ibrar Tanooli, Haji Qalandar Lodhi, Mustaq Ghani, Haji Abdul Haq, Sardar Zahoor, Saleh Muhammad Khan, Ruqqaya Hina, Zareen Gul, Sardar Aurengzeb, Sardar Abdul Sattar Khan, Nawabzada Wali Muhammad Khan, Maulana Asmatullah, Raja Faisal Zaman, Zia ur Rehman, Wajee uz Zaman Khan and Hafiz Sajjad Qamar also attended the meeting.