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The earliest traces left by man, in several caves in Europe, can be dated back to as early as the beginnings of the Aurignacian culture, some 27,000 years ago: there were black and white outlines of human hands, drawings of geometric figures or outlines of animals drawn in the soft clay with a finger or stick, the edges of which were sometimes highlighted with a kind of pigment, and engravings in the rock of geometric or zoomorphic figures, which were also often highlighted by pigmentation.
The Cro-Magnon Aurignacian culture of Western Europe (30,000-26,000 B.C.) may have exhibited the first evidence of astronomical knowledge.
Washington, September 23 (ANI): The oldest lunar calendars have been identified in cave art found in France and Germany, dating back to the Aurignacian Culture of Europe during 32,000 B.C.