Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


see OświęcimOświęcim
, Ger. Auschwitz, town (1992 est. pop. 45,100), Małopolskie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and industrial center producing chemicals, leather, and agricultural implements. There are coal deposits in the vicinity.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Poland.



a concentration camp built by the fascist German regime on occupied Polish territory near the town whose German name is Auschwitz (Polish name, Oświe̢cim), near Kraków. Construction of the camp, which covered an area of approximately 500 hectares, began in 1940. It was a vast complex for the extermination of human beings, utilizing the most up-to-date technology. During the camp’s existence, more than 4 million people were exterminated—citizens of the USSR, Poland, France, Belgium, Hungary, the Netherlands, Rumania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and other countries.

In spite of the savage terror in the camp, a network of underground cells and combat groups was organized by Communists. In the fall of 1944, the central leadership of the organized resistance in the camp made preparations for an armed uprising. Several groups of prisoners went into action spontaneously before the appointed time, however, and the uprising was suppressed. More than 200 people died bearing arms. The Hitlerites dealt savagely with the remaining prisoners. On Jan. 27, 1945, Soviet troops liberated the few remaining survivors of Auschwitz.

A museum has been established at the site of the camp. In September 1958 the International Auschwitz Committee was organized.


Niurnbergskii protsess, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 295–557.
Kraus, O., and E. Kulka. Fabrika smerti. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Czech.)



largest Nazi extermination camp; more than 1,000,000 deaths there. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 958–959, 970, 1123]


an industrial town in S Poland; site of a Nazi concentration camp during World War II. Pop.: 45 400 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Prosecutors said Groening -- who did not kill anyone himself while working at Auschwitz -- had helped support the regime responsible for mass murder by sorting bank notes seized from trainloads of arriving Jews.
This is repeatedly demonstrated by the commitment of our apprentices and the participation of master craftsmen and craftswomen and junior managers in projects together with the International Auschwitz Committee.
com/nazi-trial-verdict-former-auschwitz-guard-sentenced-5-years-prison-germany-2383368) four-month trial , in which elderly survivors of Auschwitz testified against him, Hanning apologized for his role.
Cywinski said that the museum was only in possession of documents and objects provided by former prisoners of Auschwitz, but it is estimated that most of the objects remained in the hands of Nazi war criminals who worked at Auschwitz.
Going to Auschwitz will help our students understand why it is such an important place; why it can be a hard topic to learn and to teach, and why we need to try and prevent it from happening again.
However, he did express his feelings, writing in the Auschwitz memorial's guest book in Spanish: "Lord, have pity on your people.
Karen Pollock of the Holocaust Educational Trust said: "As a guard at Auschwitz, Reinhold Hanning was complicit in the death and suffering of countless Jewish men, women and children.
German courts are also waiting for medical clearance before trying 93-year-old former Auschwitz guard Reinhold Hanning on 170,000 counts of accessory to murder.
Former SS sergeant and Auschwitz death camp worker Oskar Groening listens to the verdict at his trial
In September 1940, Captain Witold Pilecki, a Polish Army officer, volunteered for an almost certainly suicidal secret undercover mission: to get himself arrested and sent to Auschwitz as a prisoner, with the goal of smuggling out intelligence and building a resistance organization among the prisoners.
The pair were found with fragments of hair clippers, spoons, buttons and pieces of glass after they were caught in warehouse number five, where the belongings of the Auschwitz arrivals were seized.
More people died at Auschwitz than any other Nazi concentration camp or any other death camp in history.