(redirected from Auschwitz-Birkenau)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


see OświęcimOświęcim
, Ger. Auschwitz, town (1992 est. pop. 45,100), Małopolskie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and industrial center producing chemicals, leather, and agricultural implements. There are coal deposits in the vicinity.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Poland.



a concentration camp built by the fascist German regime on occupied Polish territory near the town whose German name is Auschwitz (Polish name, Oświe̢cim), near Kraków. Construction of the camp, which covered an area of approximately 500 hectares, began in 1940. It was a vast complex for the extermination of human beings, utilizing the most up-to-date technology. During the camp’s existence, more than 4 million people were exterminated—citizens of the USSR, Poland, France, Belgium, Hungary, the Netherlands, Rumania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and other countries.

In spite of the savage terror in the camp, a network of underground cells and combat groups was organized by Communists. In the fall of 1944, the central leadership of the organized resistance in the camp made preparations for an armed uprising. Several groups of prisoners went into action spontaneously before the appointed time, however, and the uprising was suppressed. More than 200 people died bearing arms. The Hitlerites dealt savagely with the remaining prisoners. On Jan. 27, 1945, Soviet troops liberated the few remaining survivors of Auschwitz.

A museum has been established at the site of the camp. In September 1958 the International Auschwitz Committee was organized.


Niurnbergskii protsess, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959. Pages 295–557.
Kraus, O., and E. Kulka. Fabrika smerti. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Czech.)



largest Nazi extermination camp; more than 1,000,000 deaths there. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 958–959, 970, 1123]


an industrial town in S Poland; site of a Nazi concentration camp during World War II. Pop.: 45 400 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Breyer has admitted he was a guard at Auschwitz in occupied Poland during World War II, but has told The Associated Press he was stationed outside of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp part of the complex and had nothing to do with the wholesale slaughter of about 1.
Holocaust Remembrance Day marks the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camps in 1945.
As a matter of fact, the Americans had already photographed Auschwitz from the air and conducted several bombing raids of the German industrial facilities surrounding Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Auschwitz-Birkenau photo exhibit - The Downtown Initiative for the Visual Arts presents the photography exhibit "The Last Album: Eyes from the Ashes of Auschwitz-Birkenau" Friday through June 4.
January 27 marks the International Holocaust Remembrance day and the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration camp by Soviet troops in 1945 .
London, Dec 18(ANI): Germany is to pay over 50 million pounds to help preserve the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp in Poland, where 1.
27 is the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in Poland.
THE Anne Frank + You Festival in Kirkcaldy is the brainchild of pupils from three high schools in Fife who visited the former Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
Barnett (author, documentary filmmaker, Holocaust educator, and Head of Modern Languages at The Agnes Irwin School) in which Marcel Jabelot, a survivor of the French Holocaust who was imprisoned in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau tells his personal story with remarkable candor and an inspiring grace.
Well done to Cardiff West MP Kevin Brennan (right), who last week joined the Holocaust Educational Trust's visit to Nazi concentration and death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in Poland to see the horrors of the Holocaust.
The Auschwitz Album: The Story of a Transport" includes nearly 40 black-and-white photographic reproductions that document the arrival and imprisonment of 3,500 Hungarian Jews in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
According to Antoni Stanczyk, director of the tourist section of the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial and museum, more than 370,000 people visited the camp during the first six months of the year, compared to 240,000 for the same period in 2004.