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1 City (1990 pop. 21,907), seat of Mower co., SE Minn., on the Cedar River, near the Iowa line; inc. 1868. The commercial and industrial center of a rich farm region, it is noted as home to the Hormel meatpacking company, whose Spam Town museum draws tourists. There is light manufacturing. 2 City (1990 pop. 465,622), state capital and seat of Travis co., S central Tex., on the Colorado River at the Balcones Escarpment; inc. 1839. Austin is the commercial heart of a large ranching, poultry, dairy, cotton, and grain-producing area. It is also a major convention city and an educational center—the main campus of the Univ. of Texas, St. Edward's Univ., and Huston-Tillotson Univ. are there. The presence of the Univ. of Texas has helped Austin and its suburbs to attract and develop a complex of high-technology research and development firms, and the area is now a leading computer hardware and software producer. Other manufactures include jewelry, medical equipment, consumer goods, electronics, and wood products. Defense industries are also important.

The site was selected in 1839 for the capital of the new Texas republic and named in honor of Stephen F. AustinAustin, Stephen Fuller,
1793–1836, American leader of colonization in Texas, known as the Father of Texas, b. Wythe co., Va.; son of Moses Austin. He grew up in Missouri, studied at Transylvania Univ.
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. In 1870, Austin was made the permanent state capital. Power and flood control projects on the Colorado River (beginning in the 1930s) and World War II spurred industrial growth. The massive capitol (completed 1888), set on a hill, is the most prominent of many state buildings. Also here are the governor's mansion (1856), the old French embassy (1840; dating from the republic), and the house in which O. HenryO. Henry,
pseud. of William Sydney Porter,
1862–1910, American short-story writer, b. Greensboro, N.C. He went to Texas in 1882 and worked at various jobs—as teller in an Austin bank (1891–94) and as a newspaperman for the Houston Post.
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 lived. In recent decades Austin has become a country and popular music mecca and a film industry center. In the hills outside the city are Barton Springs and other scenic and recreational areas; the National Wildflower Research Center is nearby. The former Bergstrom Air Force Base is now site of an international airport.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the southern USA, capital of the state of Texas. Population, 251,800 (1970). An important commercial and industrial center, producing radio equipment, scientific research equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, furniture, and construction materials. There is a university in Austin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Herbert, 1st Baron. 1866--1941, British automobile engineer, who founded the Austin Motor Company
2. John. 1790--1859, British jurist, whose book The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832) greatly influenced legal theory and the English legal system
3. J(ohn) L(angshaw) ('l[+ae][ng]$%:). 1911--60, English philosopher, whose lectures Sense and Sensibilia and How to do Things with Words were published posthumously in 1962


a city in central Texas, on the Colorado River: state capital since 1845. Pop.: 672 011 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Austin spent 15 years playing with Yonder, which performed at the Democratic National Convention in 2008.
Crocker earned his bachelor's degree in government from the University of Texas at Austin and has served on the boards of numerous Austin-area nonprofits including the American Red Cross and Austin Gives.
Currently, Amazon employs more than 5,600 workers in the Austin area, The Austin American-Statesman ( reported.
Austin enjoyed gardening, and was an avid fisherman.
Austin Oaks is a 12-building office park totalling 445,322 square feet in Central Austin.
In a press briefing Tuesday night, Austin Police Department Assistant Chief Ely Reyes said a Goodwill employee sorting through recent donations found two "artillery simulators," one of which "initiated" in the employee's hand, which caused his injuries.
Derek, who won best actor for 'All of You' at the Metro Manila Film Festival, brought Austin along to the grand Parade of Stars held in Muntinlupa two days before Christmas.
Terriers keeper Jonas Lossl committed to a ball in the box with Austin attempting to make a challenge, but the Danish international was first there comfortably.
The launch of a venture capital fund with support from 1839 ventures at ceremony at Austin for Pakistan start-up ecosystem is a significant success in emerging markets and
The question of whether Austin Powder is an "operator" under the Mine Act came up in 15 dockets with 22 citations and orders that were consolidated at the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission for the purpose of determining whether Austin Powder and its subsidiaries constitute a "unitary operator" for the purposes of the Mine Act.
JIMMY Floyd Hasselbaink has a warning for Newcastle United and the rest of Charlie Austin's suitors - the striker will not be "pinched" on the cheap in January.

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