John Austin

(redirected from Austin, John)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.

Austin, John,

1790–1859, English jurist. He served (1826–32) as professor of jurisprudence at the Univ. of London, and his lectures were published (with additional material) as The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832, repr. 1967, 3 vol.) and Lectures on Jurisprudence (1869, 5th ed. 1911). These books presented a comprehensive analysis of the principles underlying all legal systems. Austin argued that law was the expression of the will of the sovereign authority and was not to be confused with the dictates of religion and ethics. Austin's work—in part stemming from that of Jeremy BenthamBentham, Jeremy,
1748–1832, English philosopher, jurist, political theorist, and founder of utilitarianism. Educated at Oxford, he was trained as a lawyer and was admitted to the bar, but he never practiced; he devoted himself to the scientific analysis of morals and
..... Click the link for more information.
—had a strong influence on many later legal theorists, including John Stuart MillMill, John Stuart,
1806–73, British philosopher and economist. A precocious child, he was educated privately by his father, James Mill. In 1823, abandoning the study of law, he became a clerk in the British East India Company, where he rose to become head of the examiner's
..... Click the link for more information.
. His wife, Sarah Taylor Austin, was a well-known translator.

Bibliography

See J. Brown, ed., The Austinian Theory of Law (1906).

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Reports will be led by Sir Trevor McDonald, Mark Austin, John Suchet and Mary Nightingale.
MacKenzie, DB Woodside, Clayton Rohner, Barbara Bosson, Jack Kehler, Pruitt Taylor Vince, Karen Austin, John Pleshette.
The representatives of Calpine, Toby Austin, John King and Eric Pryor, indicated to the Fund that they were resigning to avoid the potential for any conflicts of interest that may arise between their serving on the board of trustees of CCT and their employment with and responsibilities to Calpine Corporation and its affiliates.
He said: "It is a nice gesture, to have us turn up somewhere in an outer area of Greater Birmingham, but it would have Grand committee: (From left) MPs Ian Austin, John Hemming and Tom Watson.

Full browser ?