Austin, Moses

Austin, Moses,

1761–1821, American pioneer, b. Durham, Conn. After developing lead mines in SW Virginia, he went to inspect (1796–97) prospects in Missouri, then Spanish territory. In 1798 he founded Potosi, Mo. and became a miner and trader there. Hard times caused him to go to Texas in 1820 and get the Spanish governor's permission to settle 300 families in Texas. The grant was confirmed in 1821, but Moses Austin died without realizing his settlement plans. His son, Stephen F. Austin, took up the plans.
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Austin, Moses

(1761–1821) merchant, colonist; born in Durham, Conn. He managed lead mines in Virginia and Missouri. Following the depression of 1819, he applied for and received a permit from Spanish authorities to settle 300 American families in Texas (1821). He died before going to Texas.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.