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religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. The name derives from the Rule of St. Augustine (5th cent.?), which established rules for monastic observance and common religious life. The canons regular, made up of ordained clergy, adopted this rule in the 11th cent. and became known as Augustinian, or Austin, canons. Augustinian canons pursue a life of poverty, celibacy, and obedience without withdrawing from the world. Subsequent orders of canons regular, such as the Premonstratensians, are outgrowths of the Augustinians. The Austin friars are an entirely different group of religious, dating from the 13th cent. (see friarfriar
[Lat. frater=brother], member of certain Roman Catholic religious orders, notably, the Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. Although a general form of address in the New Testament, since the 13th cent.
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). Officially known as Hermits of St. Augustine, they now exist in three independent branches—the Calced Augustinian Hermits, the more austere and less numerous Discalced Augustinian Hermits, and the Recollects of St. Augustine. There are also congregations of women corresponding to both canons and friars.
References in periodicals archive ?
England: An Overview"; "Lamps, Lights and Layfolk: 'Popular' Devotion Before the Black Death"; "Monastic Burials of Non-patronal Lay Benefactors"; "Small Gifts, but Big Rewards: The Symbolism of Some Gifts to the Religious"; "Pittances and Pittancers"; "The Austin Canons in English Towns, ca.
She says that Audelay and Mirk were priests who lived close to one another in time and place, and shared an association with the Austin canons.
Haughmond Abbey, sometimes referred to as the Abbey of St John the Evangelist, is located only four miles outside Shrewsbury and of the three houses of Austin canons established in Shropshire, Haughmond founded in 1135 by William Fitzalan, is the oldest.
It was built by Austin canons and remained in their hands until the dissolution of the monasteries.
in monastic life he has lived in three major religious orders, the Austin Canons, Dominicans and Carmelites, suffering expulsion from Aylesford as the result of |controversy' with Cardinal Griffin and subsequently five years' exile in Canada at the time of the |Quebec Libre' upheavals.

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