Postles finds that there is no simple model to describe what actually occurred at the local level in different areas of England, and he argues that monastic establishments, that is, the regular clergy of large Benedictine houses, the Cistercians, and the Austin canons
in towns, continued to maintain a certain allegiance from benefactors into the thirteenth century, although gifts to these institutions became more socially exclusive and the majority of lay benefaction shifted to local parish churches.
She says that Audelay and Mirk were priests who lived close to one another in time and place, and shared an association with the Austin canons
. She concludes that whatever the difference between them, the works of both Audelay and Mirk arise within a common medieval culture where true penitence and dying well were important values.
Haughmond Abbey, sometimes referred to as the Abbey of St John the Evangelist, is located only four miles outside Shrewsbury and of the three houses of Austin canons
established in Shropshire, Haughmond founded in 1135 by William Fitzalan, is the oldest.
It was built by Austin canons
and remained in their hands until the dissolution of the monasteries.