A series of observations with the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia and the Australia Telescope Compact Array
(ATCA) has--for the first time--homed in on three clear sources of AME light, the protoplanetary disks surrounding the young stars known as V892 Tau, HD 97048, and MWC 297.
The first of its kind observation, conducted with Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia and the Australia Telescope Compact Array
(ATCA), helped them match the features of light from these regions with the unique infrared spectral signature given off by the hydrogenated nanodiamonds or carbon crystals with hydrogen-bearing molecules on their surface.
Upon checking the readings in conjunction with measurements from another CSIRO telescope -- the Australia Telescope Compact Array
-- Harvey-Smith found that the gas within the maser was travelling at crazy fast speeds.
Chalmers scientists and colleagues from Germany and Australia used the CSIRO Australia Telescope Compact Array
, an array of six 22-meter radio telescopes in New South Wales, Australia, to study a star at the end of its life.
To further investigate the object, the team followed up with an 83-minute exposure using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and additional radio observations from the Australia Telescope Compact Array
(ATCA), located near the town of Narrabri in New South Wales.
White (University of Maryland) bolstered the notion with a decade-long series of radio images from the Australia Telescope Compact Array
. Published earlier this year, the images suggest that some new material enveloped at least one of the two stars shortly after periastron and bottled up the ultraviolet radiation that ultimately energizes surrounding plasma, powering the radio emission.
The team then examined the black hole system with a radio telescope, the Australia Telescope Compact Array
in Narrabri, and searched for the system in X-ray images taken by Chandra.
New observations of the binary system, called X9, were made using two NASA space telescopes - Chandra X-ray Observatory and NuSTAR - and the Australia Telescope Compact Array
of the country's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.
Radio observations were made by the GBT, the Parkes radio telescope, the Australia Telescope Compact Array
, and the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope.
The Australia Telescope Compact Array
's ability to detect CO is due to an upgrade that has boosted the telescope's bandwidth-the amount of radio spectrum it can see at any one time-sixteen-fold, from 256 MHz to 4 GHz, and made it far more sensitive, cutting the time needed for these observations by a factor of 20.
Kim and Staveley-Smith's team assembled the radio map at far right, using the Australia Telescope Compact Array
and the 64-meter Parkes radio dish, also in Australia.