Australian Alps

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Australian Alps

Australian Alps, chain of mountain ranges, SE Australia, in the state of Victoria and New South Wales, making up the southern part of the Eastern Highlands and forming the watershed between the Murray River system and streams flowing into the Tasman Sea. It is the site of the Snowy Mts. hydroelectric project. Mt. Kosciuszko, 7,310 ft (2,228 m), is the highest peak in the chain and on the Australian continent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Australian Alps


a plateau in the southeastern part of Australia, the highest section of the Great Dividing Range.

The plateau is about 400 km long, up to 150 km wide, and 1,700–2,000 m high—the highest peak is Mount Kosciusko, 2,230 m, which is also the highest mountain of the continent. The plateau is a high-altitude horst massif broken up into individual mountain ranges, including the Gourock, Monaro, Munyang, and Barry. The plateau is composed of Paleozoic quartzites, shales, and limestones, permeated with granite intrusions. There are traces of Quaternary glaciations in some areas. The Murray, the main river of Australia, takes its course in the northwestern slopes of the Australian alps. Dense forests of eucalyptus and arborescent ferns grow up to an altitude of 1,200–1,300 m; above that grow crook-stem forests, underbrush, mountain meadows, and meadow marshes.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scougall (ed.), Cultural Heritage of the Australian Alps. Proceedings of the Symposium Held at Jindabyne, New South Wales, 16-18 October 1991, pp.
In addition to bogs, there are extensive areas of dried peat (also known as humified peat) in the Australian Alps. Dried peats are thought to develop from bog peats in response to a shift in hydrologic conditions brought about by natural or anthropogenic disturbance (Costin 1954).
Taking a more critical perspective, it is hard to avoid the fact that the rivers flowing from the Australian Alps have been massively altered by the Scheme.
However, aeolian dust infall is a process that has received little consideration in the formation of the soils of the Australian Alps in New South Wales and Victoria.
She walked the Australian Alps Walking Track solo in 2003 and the Lurujarri Trail with 50 people in 2013, and enjoys reading maps and eating dark chocolate.
Snowgum forest is found predominantly in the mainland Australian Alps, a section of the Great Dividing Range in the south-eastern corner of the country, stretching south from the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) through New South Wales (NSW) and into Victoria (Vic).
It is expected that winter tourism and alpine ecosystems will need to adjust to significant reductions in depth, duration and height of the regular snow cover in the Australian Alps because of climate change.
These forests, along with those in the Australian Alps, Blue Mountains, the Gondwana Rainforests and the Wet Tropics World Heritage Areas, are one of the nation's most important natural life support systems.
Banks JCG (1989) A history of forest fire in the Australian Alps. In The scientific significance of the Australian Alps, pp.
Despite a history of cattle grazing, which has ceased for now in National Park areas of the Australian Alps (Williams et al.

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