Australian Merino

Australian Merino

 

a breed of fine-wooled sheep raised in Australia. Originally developed from Merino sheep brought in the 18th century from England, Spain, and Germany, Australian merinos were later used for crossing with the French Rambouillet and American Vermonts. As a result, several types of fine-wooled sheep were developed which have substantial differences in appearance and wool quality.

The fine type are sheep without body folds and with very fine wool, of 70 quality and higher. Their liveweight is around 70 kg for rams and 35–40 kg for ewes. They are found in regions with relatively low temperatures and heavy precipitation.

The medium type (pepins and nonpepins) are sheep with two or three body folds. Their wool is 66–64 quality and their liveweight is 75–85 kg for rams and 40–44 kg for ewes. They are raised on dry, fertile plains.

The strong type are the largest sheep. Their wool is 58–60 quality. Their liveweight is 80–95 kg for rams and 42–48 kg for ewes.

The wool clip from Australian Merino rams is usually 9 or 10 kg and can be as high as 20 kg; for ewes it is 4 or 5 kg and can be as high as 10 kg. High wool qualities are common to all types of the breed. In Australia, Merinos make up 80 percent of the total number of head. Australian Merinos are used in many nations for upgrading local breeds. In the USSR, the Australian Merino has been used in developing the Groznyi breed.

REFERENCES

Ivanov, M. F. Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow, 1964. Pages 244–46.
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 2. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)
Esaulov, P. A. Metody povysheniia produktivnosti ovets v Avstralii. Moscow, 1967.

P. A. ESAULOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
5 micron) mercerized Australian merino wool with softened high-performance synthetic fibers and elastane.
Cabela's Thermal Zone Merino Base Layer ($140-$155) is unique in that it features differing levels of 100% Australian Merino wool mapped to corresponding areas on the body.
In particular, they used Australian Merino known for its high level and character of productivity [10].
I'm delighted that Rahul Mishra has won this award; his designs are stunning and a beautiful showcase of Australian merino wool," Suckling said.
He was sporting a grey pin-stripe double-breasted suit by Anderson & Sheppard made from a rare quality of Australian Merino wool.
The carcasses of 21,000 Australian merino sheep were piled so high they were falling from the trucks as they trundled along unsealed roads to the makeshift burial ground on the outskirts of Karachi," it said.
A day before the killing, Australian High Commissioner in Islamabad Peter Heyward even issued a statement that welcomed a settlement in which the Australian merino sheep would be processed after independent lab tests confirmed the animals are fit for human consumption.
According to officials, random testing validated Australian Merino sheep were suffering from scabby mouth disease.
The Australian Merino wool industry contributes approximately AUD$3 billion to Australia's economy each year (ABARE, 2003).
amp;quot;Italian fabrics are very fine," he stressed, emphasising his appreciation of the quality of the Australian merino wool used in fabrics his company sources.
offence, in a big desert, she is an Australian merino, who slowly
This seasonCOs leading innovation is a new CyTrofeoCO fabric, weighing 250 grams a metre and made of 100% superfine Australian merino wool, sourced from the worldCOs finest fleeces.

Full browser ?