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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a breed of chicken raised for its meat and eggs, bred in Australia from Orpington stock in order to increase egg productivity and early maturity. Australorps are large fowl with wide, deep breasts and large, wide backs. The liveweight is 3.5–3.9 kg for roosters and 2.5–2.9 kg for hens. The annual yield is 150–180 eggs, and record yields of 250–300 eggs have been reported. The egg weighs 55–62 g and has a brown shell.

Australorps are bred primarily in Australia and the USA. The main breeding research in the USSR is being carried out at the Kurtna experimental station for chicken breeding at the Estonian National Experimental Institute for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When considering the live weight gain (LWG) monitored through the 10-week trial, it was found out that the live weight gain of the Australorp and Village strains were negatively affected by disinfectant addition, while the live weight gain of the Plymouth strain was not affected by addition of disinfectant.
Azeem Khan, DG NARC thanked all participants and said that with the genetic improvement of selected indigenous naked neck by crossing with exotic poultry breeds of Rhode Island Red and Black Australorp would effect positively over poultry production in country.
Australorp (aw-strah lorp) Developed in Australia from the Orpington, the Australorp was bred with the focus on egg production instead of meat production, and was developed as a dual-purpose breed.
Soft Feather Bantam classes Australorp m/f 1&2 DS&V Jarman.
The chickens are Australorp, Araucana, Buff Orpington, Polish, Barred Rock, Blue Cochen and Rhode Island Red, and come in shapes, colors, and sizes as varied as their names.
The lumbering black Australorp hens and the little Belgian banties in my backyard aren't money makers, but they haven't been kept in tiny cages and pumped up with hormones, and my kids like to collect the eggs.
Built on a steep slope, the three-level structure has all the comforts that a mallard duck or Black Australorp chicken could want: shelter from the elements, private compartments for egg laying, room for roosting chickens, a split-level feeding tray, an automatic water dish, pine shavings for scratching, even a small pond for swimming and drinking.
A variety of chicken breeds including Brown Ameraucana, White Ameraucana, Red Star, Rhode Island Red, Buff Orpington, Australorp, and Wyandotte lay colorful eggs that are sold at the farm store and farmers markets.
| Catching the eye were these Valais Blacknose sheep shown by Gerallt Jones, Kerry Costello Jones and daughter Ava Costello | best | LEFT: Reserve IB sheep group was a Hill Speckled trio from Tomos Roberts (left) | RIGHT: Reserve female was Arfon Williams' Welsh Black heifer Mynach Gwenfair | An Australorp bantam was Best in Show for Huw Jones | Champion young handler Anest Hughes, 12, from Nefyn Roberts' two-shear Charollais tup | Fancy dress winner Zara Clague, from Henryd, with mum Amy
A few particularly cold-hardy breeds include the Buckeye, Ameracauna, Brahma, Australorp, Chantecler, Cornish, Leghorn, Dominique, New Hampshire Red, Rhode Island Red, Plymouth Rock, and most sex-link varieties.
Supreme champion was a black australorp pullet by top breeder Robert Thomas, 60, of Llanrug, Caernarfon - reigning champion of the British Federation and Scottish National poultry shows.
They include birds such as the Rhode Island Red, the Sussex and the Australorp, dating back to 1886 and originating in Kent as the Black Orpington.