Austric Languages

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Austric Languages

 

a family of languages, proposed by certain linguists to combine (1) the Austroasiatic languages, (2) the Austronesian languages (Malayo-Polynesian languages), (3) the Tai-Kadai (Tung-Tai languages), including the Tai languages on the Indo-Chinese peninsula and in south China, the Li language on Hainan Island, and the Tung-Shui languages (Lakua, Lati, Kelio, etc.) in south China and in Hainan, and, possibly, (4) the Miao-Yao languages (south China, northern Vietnam, and Laos).

The hypothesis of the Austronesian-Austroasiatic affinity is based on the works of the Austrian scientist W. Schmidt (1906) and other linguists; the affinity of the Austronesian and the Tai-Kadai languages (previously erroneously assigned to the Sino-Tibetan group) is based on the works of the American scientist P. Benedict (1942, 1966); and the suggested affinity of the Miao-Yao and Austroasiatic languages is based on the work of the French scientist A. Haudricourt (1961) and others. The partisans of the Austric hypothesis point to the existence of several common roots, prefixes, and infixes in these languages. But the affinity of the Austric languages can be proved only after regular phonetic correlations have been discovered between the families compared.

REFERENCES

Schmidt, W. Die Mon-Khmer-Völker. Braunschweig, 1906.
Studies in Comparative Austroasiatic Linguistics. The Hague, 1966.
Iakhontov, S. E. Glottokhronologiia i kitaisko-tibetskaia sem’ia iazykov. Moscow, 1964. (VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnographic Studies.)

A. B. DOLGOPOL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Indian culture too is no exception and was born out of the contact, conflict and interplay of the Austric, Dravidian, Mongoloid and Aryan worlds.
The Malay Peninsula is the meeting-ground--the Austric marchland--of Austroasiatic and Austronesian, the two language-stocks that have the closest relevance to the region's long-term history.
Related to this Borean language family are Eurasiatic, Afroasiatic, SinoCaucasian, Austric, and Amerind roots that form the basic languages of the Borean language family.
The languages spoken by the Indian population can be divided into four language families: the Austric (Nishad), Dravidian (Dravid), Sino-Tibetan (Kirat), and Indo-European (Aryan) families.
The Austric family mainly includes languages spoken by the central Indian tribal belt, such as Santhali, Munda, Ho, and Koraku.
The relict populations from these arrivals include the Andamanese, more or less distant relatives of the Negrito local race in the Philippines and of the first settlers of Australia and Indonesia, who all speak pre-Dravidian languages that are mutually unintelligible despite belonging to the Austric language superfamily.
These were grouped by linguists into 180 languages that evolved from the following six different ethnic groups that entered India since the dawn of civilization: Negroid, Austric, Sino-Tibetan, Dravidian, Indo-Aryan and others.
Among the topics discussed are archaeological evidence of the origin and dispersal of agriculture and human diaspora, recent discoveries at the Tapenkeng culture sites in Taiwan and the problem of Austronesian origins, the lexical and morphosyntactic evidence on Austric, the possible relationship between the genetic diversity of Taiwan's indigenous peoples and insular Southeast Asia, and a comparison of linguistic and genetic relationships among East Asian populations.
The Asian SOV area includes Turkic, Mongolian, Tungusic, Northwest Caucasian, Northeast Caucasian, Chukchi-Kamchatkan, Ainu, Japanese, Korean, Tibeto-Burman (less Karen), Dravidian, the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European, and the Munda branch of Austric.