Austric Languages

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Austric Languages

 

a family of languages, proposed by certain linguists to combine (1) the Austroasiatic languages, (2) the Austronesian languages (Malayo-Polynesian languages), (3) the Tai-Kadai (Tung-Tai languages), including the Tai languages on the Indo-Chinese peninsula and in south China, the Li language on Hainan Island, and the Tung-Shui languages (Lakua, Lati, Kelio, etc.) in south China and in Hainan, and, possibly, (4) the Miao-Yao languages (south China, northern Vietnam, and Laos).

The hypothesis of the Austronesian-Austroasiatic affinity is based on the works of the Austrian scientist W. Schmidt (1906) and other linguists; the affinity of the Austronesian and the Tai-Kadai languages (previously erroneously assigned to the Sino-Tibetan group) is based on the works of the American scientist P. Benedict (1942, 1966); and the suggested affinity of the Miao-Yao and Austroasiatic languages is based on the work of the French scientist A. Haudricourt (1961) and others. The partisans of the Austric hypothesis point to the existence of several common roots, prefixes, and infixes in these languages. But the affinity of the Austric languages can be proved only after regular phonetic correlations have been discovered between the families compared.

REFERENCES

Schmidt, W. Die Mon-Khmer-Völker. Braunschweig, 1906.
Studies in Comparative Austroasiatic Linguistics. The Hague, 1966.
Iakhontov, S. E. Glottokhronologiia i kitaisko-tibetskaia sem’ia iazykov. Moscow, 1964. (VII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnographic Studies.)

A. B. DOLGOPOL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
But the concrete evidence provided by excavations is undeniable that languages such as Austric, Munda and Dravidian preceded the Vedic language and Sanskrit in Punjab.
They are not discouraged with clear DNA evidences that prove that the upper caste North Indians are related to their distant cousins in West Asia and Europe, nor with the unanimous opinion of scholars that the Aryans moved into India around 1500 BC, and displaced and dispossessed the Dravidians, the Mongoloid communities and the Austric races of the land they possessed.
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Those who hold that both language stocks derive from a common "Austric" source-phylum will be tempted to take this as confirmation of that hypothesis.
The Indian languages belong to four language families namely Indo-European, Dravidian, Austroasiatic (Austric) and Sino-Tibetan.
Related to this Borean language family are Eurasiatic, Afroasiatic, SinoCaucasian, Austric, and Amerind roots that form the basic languages of the Borean language family.
The languages spoken by the Indian population can be divided into four language families: the Austric (Nishad), Dravidian (Dravid), Sino-Tibetan (Kirat), and Indo-European (Aryan) families.
He shows that adjectival predicates in English, Vietnamese (Austric) and Abkhaz (Caucasian) support this hypothesis, in that English can apply adjectival predicates to third, second and first order arguments, while Vietnamese can use adjectives only with first and second order arguments, and Abkhaz only with those of the first order.
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These were grouped by linguists into 180 languages that evolved from the following six different ethnic groups that entered India since the dawn of civilization: Negroid, Austric, Sino-Tibetan, Dravidian, Indo-Aryan and others.
Indian culture too is no exception and was born out of the contact, conflict and interplay of the Austric, Dravidian, Mongoloid and Aryan worlds.
Among the topics discussed are archaeological evidence of the origin and dispersal of agriculture and human diaspora, recent discoveries at the Tapenkeng culture sites in Taiwan and the problem of Austronesian origins, the lexical and morphosyntactic evidence on Austric, the possible relationship between the genetic diversity of Taiwan's indigenous peoples and insular Southeast Asia, and a comparison of linguistic and genetic relationships among East Asian populations.