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Related to Autecology: synecology


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of ecology devoted to the study of the peculiarities of the reactions of plant and animal species to environmental factors and the way of life of a species.

Autecology includes the ecology of individuals, which considers standard responses to environmental factors, and the ecology of populations, which studies intraspecific organization. Autecology contrasts with synecology, which studies the life of communities (different species of animals, plants, and microorganisms). The most important problem in autecology is the study of the dynamics of animal populations and the biomass of organisms of a particular species.


Kashkarov, D. N. Osnovy ekologii zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1944.
Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Macfadyen, A. Ekologiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from English.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The present paper represents one of the few studies on autecology of invasive bleak in the Iberian Peninsula (see other two examples in Vinyoles et al.
Walter and Hengeveld present the philosophy and methods of autecology, or an ecological approach focused on individual organisms and their interactions, in contrast to demographic ecology.
Chapter eight can be considered a subdiscipline of ecology referred to as autecology. Daubenmire's (1974) textbook is an excellent introduction to the subject, and there are chapters on the autecology of bryophytes in Smith's (1982) tome mentioned previously.
An autecology study of blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima Torr.) in southwestern Utah.
[Review of Daubenmire RF, 1947, Plants and Environment: A Textbook of Plant Autecology.] Science 108(2792):21-22.
Autecology and population structure of Trimerotropis occidentalis (Bruner) (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae), a grasshopper with a reproductive dormancy.
Combined studies of cell physiology and autecology (individual organisms) are especially tractable for direct experimental analysis.
Abiotic factors include both physical and chemical characteristics of a stream (i.e., depth, current velocity, substrate, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity) and can affect assemblages based on the autecology of species (Whiteside & McNatt 1972; Matthews 1998).
Much of our current understanding of the autecology and ecological role of fish populations is derived from studies of diet based on analysis of stomach contents (Windell & Bowen, 1978).