Authentic Text

Authentic Text

 

text of a document that corresponds in content to a text in another language and that is equally valid. In international law, the term is used in connection with international treaties. The text of a treaty may be worked out and adopted in one language, but its authenticity is established in two or more languages. If a treaty is written in two or more languages, then in accordance with the general rule its text in each language is considered equally authentic—that is, they are equally genuine and have equal validity. However, the treaty may provide that in the event of differences in interpretation, preferential force is to be given to the text in the language (or languages) indicated directly in the treaty.

References in periodicals archive ?
3 versions) STAGES Organising Strands Initiate Novice Mid-term Senior Exit The Learner The Learner's social contexts particular areas as relevant to the age- The Learner and the related interest and motivation world Authentic text types: as inputs * Written Text types that stimulate learner engagement * Visual and challenge linguistic & cultural inquiry * Spoken and skill Intercultural inquiry focus: Questioning that promotes dialogue and How/why: thinking/ reflection about growth in learning feeling Assessment focus Rubrics to promote valid assessment practices Performance standards Descriptions of defined levels of * Oral qualitative achievement task specific * Writing examples desirable to show the entire process and product
It's a world-class publisher and distributor, which has always been printing books of international standards: The books contain authentic text and research material in the light of Qur'an and Sunnah, which have been appreciated worldwide.
Examples include using a scripted dialogue to teach the present simple, or an authentic text to teach the passive voice.
Does it make sense to speak of an authentic text in the case of an Italian opera of the eighteenth or early nineteenth century, which has been adjusted to changing local circumstances over and over again, and whose earliest version is no more an "original version" than the last one is a "Fassung letzter Hand"?
Based on the results of the tender procedure, therefore, contracting authority intends to conclude two framework contracts in accordance with A* 89 et seq PPA being authentic text of these treaties is included in Annex no.
of London), while lower criticism is concerned with recovering the authentic text of these documents.
Choosing the right text remains a difficult task for the language teacher, especially when an unedited authentic text may prove too difficult or too frustrating, or at a lower proficiency level, too childish for adults and post secondary students.
Reading, writing, and talking about an authentic text in its entirety allow students to practice the skills they will need for their third year of study and to gain the feeling of achievement that comes from systematically interacting with a single work.
Other research-based features include a whole/part/whole approach to reading instruction that includes both phonics and authentic text, as well as a mix of focused task-oriented activities and open-ended exploration activities.
When the students reach an advanced level, the amount of new vocabulary in an authentic text can become overwhelming which could discourage them from reading the text.
The book discusses several research-based elements that enhance students' comprehension, including direct and guided instruction, opportunities to engage with multiple levels of authentic text, assessment and opportunities for practice and transfer of learning in a variety of settings.
Scott Momaday published his Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, "House Made of Dawn," and many people read for the first time the authentic text of a Native American author.