Internet of Things

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Internet of Things

Connecting the physical world to a computer or mobile device via the Internet. Internet of Things (IoT) devices include home appliances, door locks, doorbells, thermostats, lighting, security cameras, heating and air conditioning. It has been estimated that by 2020 there will be more than 50 Internet-connected objects in the average household and more than 30 billion devices communicating worldwide.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
The Industrial IoT refers to networking the sensors and fabrication machinery to the cloud in a manufacturing environment. A major benefit to employing Industrial IoT is preventive maintenance. However, numerous industrial sensors use RS232/485, modems and other proprietary wiring mechanisms rather than Ethernet, as well as non-IP addressing schemes, making conversion a major issue in many companies. See IoBT, RS-232 and RS-485.

A Unique ID Is Required
In order to avoid conflict as more and more things become Internet enabled, items need to have their own unique identification. GS1 EPCglobal manages the commercial side, while Auto-ID Labs is a group of seven research institutions that does the R&D. Auto-ID Labs is the successor to Auto-ID Center, which developed the Electronic Product Code (EPC) for RFID tags. See RFID, EPC, Internet of Thieves, Internet of Everything, LPWA, IoT gateway, IoT hub, IPv6, M2M and LTE for iOT.

Just the Beginning
Increasingly, household appliances, such as this Miele washing machine, are Wi-Fi enabled. If a part starts to fail, the machine contacts the dealer and the user.
References in periodicals archive ?
Netra also announced that Richard Lee will join the company as Chief Executive Officer, having first collaborated with Shashi at the MIT Auto-ID Center over a decade ago.
Creating is not magic; it's work," argues Kevin Ashton, a successful entrepreneur and co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at MIT.
Weiser didn't coin the term IoT, associated with Auto-ID Center of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) end of 1990s.
In a white paper published by the Auto-ID Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Vivek Agarwal said that, in order to achieve real-time visibility of information, the following are needed: (1)
For the past few years, the Auto-ID Center has conducted much of the research to develop the EPC network and standards.
As a co-founder of the MIT-based Auto-ID Center, he helped to build one of the newest and biggest technology markets of the early 21st century: the Electronic Product Code, or EPC.
There, the Auto-ID center was founded in order to develop a system that could identify goods across the globe using the Internet along with electronic product codes (EPCs).
The next generation of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is under development at the Auto-ID Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Circuits (Scotland), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Boston, MA), MIT's Auto-ID Center (Boston, MA), University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI) and Advanced Conductive Materials (California).
To further invite industry involvement, the Uniform Code Council (UCC) has taken steps to transition efforts by MIT's Auto-ID Center to a new non-profit UCC-backed group called Auto ID Inc.
The Auto-ID Center, a partnership of almost 100 global companies and 5 of the world's leading research universities, is developing a global infrastructure that will allow computers to identify any object anywhere in the world instantly, through the use of radio-frequency identification tags.
Getting computers to sense the real world is a challenge for the Auto-ID Center, a research project of Massachusetts Institute of Technology funded by about 65 industry sponsors.