Internet of Things

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Internet of Things

Connecting the physical world to a computer or mobile device via the Internet. Internet of Things (IoT) devices include home appliances, door locks, doorbells, thermostats, lighting, security cameras, heating and air conditioning. It has been estimated that by 2020 there will be more than 50 Internet-connected objects in the average household and more than 30 billion devices communicating worldwide.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
The Industrial IoT refers to networking the sensors and fabrication machinery to the cloud in a manufacturing environment. A major benefit to employing Industrial IoT is preventive maintenance. However, numerous industrial sensors use RS232/485, modems and other proprietary wiring mechanisms rather than Ethernet, as well as non-IP addressing schemes, making conversion a major issue in many companies. See IoBT, RS-232 and RS-485.

A Unique ID Is Required
In order to avoid conflict as more and more things become Internet enabled, items need to have their own unique identification. GS1 EPCglobal manages the commercial side, while Auto-ID Labs is a group of seven research institutions that does the R&D. Auto-ID Labs is the successor to Auto-ID Center, which developed the Electronic Product Code (EPC) for RFID tags. See RFID, EPC, Internet of Thieves, Internet of Everything, LPWA, IoT gateway, IoT hub, IPv6, M2M and LTE for iOT.

Just the Beginning
Increasingly, household appliances, such as this Miele washing machine, are Wi-Fi enabled. If a part starts to fail, the machine contacts the dealer and the user.
References in periodicals archive ?
Netra also announced that Richard Lee will join the company as Chief Executive Officer, having first collaborated with Shashi at the MIT Auto-ID Center over a decade ago.
Creating is not magic; it's work," argues Kevin Ashton, a successful entrepreneur and co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at MIT.
In 1999, P&G helped to establish the Auto-ID Center at MIT, which later became EPCglobal (www.
In a white paper published by the Auto-ID Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Vivek Agarwal said that, in order to achieve real-time visibility of information, the following are needed: (1)
For the past few years, the Auto-ID Center has conducted much of the research to develop the EPC network and standards.
According to a new report from Forrester Research, RFID middleware providers come from four basic groups: (1) RFID pure plays--the early companies like ConnecTerra, GlobeRanger, and OATSystems that emerged from Auto-ID Center pilots; (2) application vendors such as RedPrairie, Manhattan Associates, and Provia Software; (3) platform giants like Sun, IBM, and Oracle; and (4) integration specialists such as webMethods, TIBCO Software, and Ascential Software.
The former executive director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Auto-ID Center was one of the original proponents of using RFID tags to track and manage shipments throughout a supply chain.
As a co-founder of the MIT-based Auto-ID Center, he helped to build one of the newest and biggest technology markets of the early 21st century: the Electronic Product Code, or EPC.
There, the Auto-ID center was founded in order to develop a system that could identify goods across the globe using the Internet along with electronic product codes (EPCs).
The Auto-ID Center transitioned to EPCglobal on November 1, 2003.
The next generation of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is under development at the Auto-ID Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A project has been under development at the Auto-ID Center, an industry-sponsored consortium at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the main source of concern had been the steep cost of the tags.