Internet of Things

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Internet of Things

Connecting the physical world to a computer or mobile device via the Internet. Internet of Things (IoT) devices include home appliances, door locks, doorbells, thermostats, lighting, security cameras, heating and air conditioning. It has been estimated that by 2020 there will be more than 50 Internet-connected objects in the average household and more than 30 billion devices communicating worldwide.

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
The Industrial IoT refers to networking the sensors and fabrication machinery to the cloud in a manufacturing environment. A major benefit to employing Industrial IoT is preventive maintenance. However, numerous industrial sensors use RS232/485, modems and other proprietary wiring mechanisms rather than Ethernet, as well as non-IP addressing schemes, making conversion a major issue in many companies. See IoBT, RS-232 and RS-485.

A Unique ID Is Required
In order to avoid conflict as more and more things become Internet enabled, items need to have their own unique identification. GS1 EPCglobal manages the commercial side, while Auto-ID Labs is a group of seven research institutions that does the R&D. Auto-ID Labs is the successor to Auto-ID Center, which developed the Electronic Product Code (EPC) for RFID tags. See RFID, EPC, Internet of Thieves, Internet of Everything, LPWA, IoT gateway, IoT hub, IPv6, M2M and LTE for iOT.

Just the Beginning
Increasingly, household appliances, such as this Miele washing machine, are Wi-Fi enabled. If a part starts to fail, the machine contacts the dealer and the user.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rahul Bhattacharyya is a Research Scientist for the Auto-ID Labs MIT.
Atmel Corporation - Auto-Id Labs - Axeda Corporation - Bug Labs - Cinterion Wireless Modules Gmbh - Cisco Systems, Inc.
Tokyo, Japan, Apr 12, 2006 - (JCN) - IBM Japan, the Kyoto Medical Center, the Kyoto Council for Information Society and Auto-ID Labs Japan have obtained positive results from a trial of an RFID-based drug tracking system.
Auto-ID Labs in September launched a program to help the aerospace industry adopt identification technology.
Auto-ID Center, headquartered at MIT, continues the research function and was renamed Auto-ID Labs.
In an effort to help the military reach its focused logistics goals, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Auto-ID Labs have developed, implemented, and tested a networked, physical-world electronic product code (EPC) system that enables the automatic identification (auto ID) and location of all objects in an inventory, thereby providing total asset visibility.
The event has also received strong support from Auto-ID Labs worldwide as representatives from seven national Auto-ID labs, including the Auto-ID Center of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and AUTO-ID labs of University of Cambridge, University of St.
In October 2006, EPCglobal successfully completed interoperability testing of the platform along with 12 other large and small solution providers from Japan, Korea, and North America, including Auto-ID Labs, Avicon, BEA Systems, Bent Systems, IBM, Globe Ranger, IIJ, NEC, Oracle, Polaris Systems, Samsung, and T3Ci.
The Auto-ID Labs in these three countries are initiating joint research on RFID topics ranging from RFID chips to middleware.
The Auto-ID Labs in China, South Korea, and Japan are initiating joint research on RFID topics ranging from RFID chips to middleware.
Twelve organizations participated in the tests, including: Auto-ID Labs - Cambridge, Avicon, BEA Systems, Bent Systems, IBM, Globe Ranger, IIJ, NEC, Oracle, Polaris Systems, Samsung, and T3Ci.
the leading integrated supply-chain printing solutions manufacturer, today announced its position as the first and only printer manufacturer to sponsor the Auto-ID Labs Packaging and RFID Special Interest Group (Packaging SIG).