If rulers and ruled (or, to be precise, a small portion of the latter) worked jointly for a reforming and reformed autocracy
in the 18th century, the picture becomes much more complicated in the course of the next century or so.
In contrast, in an autocracy
power is concentrated in the ruling party or the elite, which has an incentive to maximize the total amount of corruption and to develop the economy (so that it can extract further bribes and prevent a potential overthrow).This incentive encourages the ruling party/elite to award economic resources and projects to those firms that pay the highest bribes, assuming all bribers subject to the same project specifications, the highest bribe payer is the most efficient.
His Vision 2030 constitutes a needed upgrading of autocracy
. Nonetheless, leaving aside economic questions about the vision, Prince Mohammed will not be able to turn Saudi Arabia into a diversified knowledge economy on the basis of a backward looking interpretation of Islam that harks back to the 7th century.
Finally, assertions that the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is planning on widening the breadth of its city wars in the Southeast on March 21 (Nevruz), as well as the apparent approach of the end of the civil war in Syria, should both be seen as actual developments likely to restrict and bind the rule of autocracy
"Lee Kuan Yew (the founder of Singapore) was criticized for autocracy
and absence of democracy in the country.
Her topics include hearing the people's complaints: Kandahar to Kabul 2001-09, vertically integrated criminal syndicates in Kabul and Garmisch 2009-10, the Arab Spring as a revolt against kleptocracy, the post-Soviet kleptocratic autocracy
in Uzbekistan about 2013, up a level to Afghanistan and Washington from June 2010 to January 2011, and violent extremists.
Yemen has been suffering some political unrests since a popular uprising that erupted in 2011 ended the autocracy
of President Ali Abdullah Saleh a year later.
Peteza said that "without the politicians, government tends to become autocratic." But aren't we, in fact, already in thrall of an autocracy
of political dynasties and pocket empires?
Onlookers can no longer claim that "anything is better than despotism." Democracy does not automatically replace autocracy
, and well-functioning institutions of law, education and governance can vanish overnight.
She by no means intends to feed the narrative of doomed autocracy
but rather to read each killing as a juncture "in a historical road that pointed in several directions" (11).
of Nawaz Sharif has been exposed, we will not leave them.
He continued that there were not a partnership, but it was autocracy
, and the authorities in Baghdad want to control everything, and this is unacceptable to us.