Automatic Text Synthesis

Automatic Text Synthesis

 

(AS), an operation whereby, following programmed grammatical and semantic information, a text in a natural language containing this information is constructed; the operation follows some algorithm in conformity with a description—elaborated in advance—of the particular language. The reverse operation is called automatic text analysis. Automatic text synthesis proceeds in three phases: (1) semantic—the transition from the recording of the meaning of the sentence to its syntactic structure; (2) syntactic—the transition from the syntactic structure of a sentence to a chain of lexical and grammatical characteristics of word forms representing the sentence; (3) lexical and morphological—the transition from the lexical and grammatical characteristics to the actual word form. Automatic text synthesis is a necessary stage in different types of automatic processing of texts, in particular in mechanical translation. Automatic text synthesis should be distinguished from automatic text construction; in the latter operation, correct texts are constructed at will without relation to any prior meaning program.

REFERENCES

Zholkovskii, A. K., and I. A. Mel’chuk. “O semanticheskom sinteze.” In Problemy kibernetiki, issue 19. Moscow, 1967. Pages 177–238.
Mel’chuk, I. A. “Poriadok slov pri avtomaticheskom sinteze russkovo teksta (predvaritel’noe soobshchenie).” Nauchno-tekhnicheskaia informatsiia, 1965, no. 12, pp. 36–44.
Volotskaia, Z. M. “Formoobrazovanie pri sinteze russkikh slov.” In Soobshcheniia otdela mekhanizatskii i avtomatizatsii informatsionnykh rabot. Issue 2: Lingvisticheskie issledovaniia po mashinnomu perevodu. Moscow, 1961. Pages 169–194.

I. A. MEL’CHUK

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