autosome

(redirected from Autosomes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Autosomes: Down syndrome, meiosis

autosome

[′ȯd·ō‚sōm]
(genetics)
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome.
References in periodicals archive ?
2013 and unpublished data Warchalowska-Sliwa) as a result of a tandem fusion between two pairs of autosomes. Additionally, in comparison to Paraplangia and Orophus with an ancestral acrocentric X chromosome, pericentric inversions modified the position of the centromere and changed the morphology of the X chromosome from acrocentric to bi-armed in A.
No hybridization signals were found in the constitutive heterochromatin and on the corresponding autosomes ACU 7, AMO 11, and NLA 16.
The genome-wide threshold LOD scores for a significant QTL x sex interaction were 2.4 for autosomes and 2.9 for Chr X, as indicated by horizontal broken line.
Potential paralogous contigs located on either chromosome 18 or chromosome 21 (target chromosomes) and alternative autosomes (reference chromosomes) were identified by sampling each target chromosome at 10-bp intervals in 100-bp segments.
The other biarmed and acrocentric autosomes are arranged according to their size, respectively.
the mean number of Q-HRs per individual; (3) the frequency of Q-HRs in seven Q-polymorphic autosomes in the population.
Because the present study was performed on autosomes only, we cannot rule out genetic differences between strains on the sex chromosomes related to the regulation of sex factors on Pprc1.
The large Y chromosome in both species likely represents centric fusion between an autosome and a morphologically cryptic Y chromosome, giving rise to a situation of multiple sex chromosomes: [X.sub.1][X.sub.1][X.sub.2][X.sub.2] in females and [X.sub.1][X.sub.2]Y in males (Uyeno and Miller, 1971; Levin and Foster, 1972).
(1964) and FNs were computed considering autosomes and sexual chromosomes.
The reader may have heard a lot about sequencing whole patient genomes and may have the impression that all NGS applications do just that: sequence the entire six billion nucleotides (approximately 3.2 billion per haploid genome, twice over to account for the fact we're diploid and have two copies of all autosomes).
But the deeper branches since discovered are entirely African, the same pattern which the mtDNA and autosomes show.