2013 and unpublished data Warchalowska-Sliwa) as a result of a tandem fusion between two pairs of autosomes
. Additionally, in comparison to Paraplangia and Orophus with an ancestral acrocentric X chromosome, pericentric inversions modified the position of the centromere and changed the morphology of the X chromosome from acrocentric to bi-armed in A.
In our study, all autosomes
and sex chromosomes of H.
No hybridization signals were found in the constitutive heterochromatin and on the corresponding autosomes
ACU 7, AMO 11, and NLA 16.
The genome-wide threshold LOD scores for a significant QTL x sex interaction were 2.4 for autosomes
and 2.9 for Chr X, as indicated by horizontal broken line.
Potential paralogous contigs located on either chromosome 18 or chromosome 21 (target chromosomes) and alternative autosomes
(reference chromosomes) were identified by sampling each target chromosome at 10-bp intervals in 100-bp segments.
The other biarmed and acrocentric autosomes
are arranged according to their size, respectively.
the mean number of Q-HRs per individual; (3) the frequency of Q-HRs in seven Q-polymorphic autosomes
in the population.
Because the present study was performed on autosomes
only, we cannot rule out genetic differences between strains on the sex chromosomes related to the regulation of sex factors on Pprc1.
The large Y chromosome in both species likely represents centric fusion between an autosome
and a morphologically cryptic Y chromosome, giving rise to a situation of multiple sex chromosomes: [X.sub.1][X.sub.1][X.sub.2][X.sub.2] in females and [X.sub.1][X.sub.2]Y in males (Uyeno and Miller, 1971; Levin and Foster, 1972).
(1964) and FNs were computed considering autosomes
and sexual chromosomes.
The reader may have heard a lot about sequencing whole patient genomes and may have the impression that all NGS applications do just that: sequence the entire six billion nucleotides (approximately 3.2 billion per haploid genome, twice over to account for the fact we're diploid and have two copies of all autosomes
But the deeper branches since discovered are entirely African, the same pattern which the mtDNA and autosomes