Auvergne


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Auvergne

(ōvĕr`nyə), former province and former administrative region, S central France. The area is now occupied chiefly by the departments of Puy-de-Dôme, Allier, Haute-Loire, and Cantal. The Auvergne Mts., a chain of extinct volcanoes (see Massif CentralMassif Central
[Fr.,=central highlands], great mountainous plateau, c.33,000 sq mi (85,470 sq km), S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.
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), run north to south forming unusual and beautiful scenery. There are also hot mineral springs, deep river gorges, and rolling pastureland in the region. Auvergne is largely agricultural (cattle, wheat, and grapes), with cheese and many wine manufactures. Industry is concentrated in Clermont-Ferrand (the capital), Aurillac, Riom, and Thiers.

The Arvennis, an ancient people, occupied Auvergne when the Romans arrived. They had one of the most brilliant civilizations of Gaul, and their chieftain, Vercingetorix, led the resistance to Caesar. Auvergne was a part of Roman Aquitaine. It passed to the English in 1154. In the 14th cent. it was divided into the countship, dauphiny, and duchy of Avergne. The duchy and dauphiny, which were united under the dukes of Bourbon, were confiscated (1527) by Francis I after the treason of Constable Charles de Bourbon. The countship came into the royal domain in 1615. The reunited region was put under the Parlement of Paris. Auvergne officially became a French administrative region in 1972. In 2016 it was merged, with Rhône-Alpes, into the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. In some areas of Auvergne a local dialect is still spoken. There are many folk festivals, and much Romanesque architecture remains.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Auvergne

 

a historical region of France located within the Massif Central. Its territory comprises the departments of Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, and Haute-Loire. Area, 26,200 sq km; population, 1,330,000 (1973). The principal city is Clermont-Ferrand.

In 1968, 26 percent of the work force was engaged in agriculture, and another 26 percent in industry. About 60 percent of the farmland is used for pastures; the remaining 40 percent is cultivated. More than 80 percent of the income from agriculture is provided by livestock raising, primarily for meat. Cattle are raised in mountain meadows. Along the river valleys, grains and potatoes are raised; in the Allier River valley, there is viticulture. Local industries include the production of rubber, metalworking, food processing, and clothing manufacture. The principal industrial centers are Clermont-Ferrand and Montluçon. There is a hydroelectric power plant in the region. Several resorts with mineral springs, such as Vichy and La Bourboule, are in Auvergne.


Auvergne

 

the highest part of the Massif Central in France. The maximum elevation is 1,886 m at Puy de Sancy. It is made up of a number of volcanic massifs, including the Massif du Cantal and Monts Dore. It also includes several individual inactive volcanoes of the Neocene, which rise above a plateau. There are broad-leaved and pine forests, mountain meadows, and shrubbery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Auvergne

a region of S central France: largely mountainous, rising over 1800 m (6000 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Much of Auvergne's economy has been dependent on the tyre manufacturers based in the city, who once employed 30,000 people.
"We have chosen to build and manage the future together, to strengthen our grain operations in Auvergne and consolidate our activities.
DRAW - Pool One: Munster; Sale; Clermont Auvergne; Montauban.
William of Auvergne's lenghty treatise on marriage has "extraordinary distinctiveness"; he studied Islamic practices (multiple wives) and concentrated on fertility.
In Auvergne, a cattle-raising area in central France, brucellosis control measures have been strictly observed since 1965, and systematic vaccination was stopped in 1983.
Vickery missed last weekend's 25-24 home win over Clermont Auvergne and will sit out the trip to BristoTon Saturday.
The Tigers were made to work hard in the opening stages as Clermont Auvergne began in enterprising fashion, inspired by the livewire French scrum-half Pierre Mignoni and a brutish pack of forwards who punctured frequent holes in the Tigers defence.
45) No doubt this is why he devotes his first chapter to a description of the harsh physical conditions of the 17th-century Haute Auvergne.
France: C Poitrenaud (Toulouse); V Clerc (Toulouse), A Rougerie (Clermont Auvergne), W Fofana (Clermont Auvergne), J Malzieu (Clermont Auvergne); F Trinh-Duc (Montpellier), M Parra (Clermont Auvergne); J-B Poux (Toulouse), D Szarzewski (Stade Francais), N Mas (Perpignan), P Pape (Stade Francais), Y Maestri (Toulouse), T Dusautoir (Toulouse, capt), J Bonnaire (Clermont Auvergne), I Harinordoquy (Biarritz).
France team: C Poitrenaud (Toulouse); W Fofana (Clermont Auvergne), A Rougerie (Clermont Auvergne), F Fritz (Toulouse), A Palisson (Toulon); L Beauxis (Stade Francais), D Yachvili (Biarritz); J-B Poux (Toulouse), W Servat (Toulouse), D Attoub (Stade Francais), P Pape (Stade Francais), Y Maestri (Toulouse), T Dusautoir (Toulouse, capt), J Bonnaire (Clermont Auvergne), I Harinordoquy (Biarritz).
The 24-year-old will line up alongside Clermont Auvergne team-mate Aurelien Rougerie in midfield for coach Philippe Saint-Andre's first game in charge on Saturday at the Stade de France.