Avacha


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Avacha

(əvä`chə) or

Avachinskaya Sopka

(əvä`chĭnskīə sôp`kə), active volcano, 8,965 ft (2,733 m) high, Russian Far East, on S Kamchatka peninsula. It has a permanent snow cap.

Avacha

 

a river in the southeastern Kamchatka Peninsula. Taking its source in Avachinskoe Lake, the river empties into Avacha Bay on the Pacific, forming a delta. The river is 122 km long, and its basin’s area is 5,090 sq km. Fed by snow, rain, subsoil, and glacial waters, the Avacha flows at approximately 136 cu m/sec. It begins freezing at the mouth in November and is frozen over by late December; the ice breaks in March. Ice floes block the river in winter. There are hot and cold mineral springs in the river’s basin.

References in periodicals archive ?
The two ships sailed around Cape Lopatka, the southern tip of Kamchatka, to Avachinskaya Guba (Avacha Bay), where the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy now stands, and after wintering there, the two ships put to sea again on 4 June 1741.
Kiryukhin, "A geomechanical interpretation of the local seismicity related to eruptions and renewed activity on Tolbachik, Koryakskii, and Avacha Volcanoes, Kamchatka, in 2008-2012," Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, vol.
According to seismologists, they occurred as a result of an earthquake in Avacha Bay 50 kilometres from the Kamchatka territorial centre at a depth of 94 kilometres under the sea bottom.
Up to 100 fish-eating killer whales come together in the Avacha Gulf, off the coast of Russia.
Steller sea lions were first reported from the Kamchatka Peninsula by Steller (1751) and Krasheninnikov (1755): "They are hunted a great deal near Kronotsky Cape and around the island near the mouth of the Ostrovnaya River, around Avacha Gulf, and from here as far, as Lopatka Cape ...
The latter vessel soon went aground on the bar at Okhotsk, but the Slava Rossii set sail in September 1789 and reached Petropavlovsk on Avacha Bay, on the east coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, where the party overwintered.
23 31 (2) Kozlov Cape 787 712 551 33 (2) Zheleznaya Bay 24 0 43 34 (2) Shipunsky Cape 175 480 185 35 (2) Khalaktyrsky Rock 168 188 36 36 (2) Avacha Bay (Pier 0 0 0 RKZ) 37 (2) Starichkov Island 0 0 0 38 (2) Bezymyanny Cape 0 0 0 39 (2) Kekurny Cape 330 40 126 40 (2) Sivuchy Kamen' 49 0 0 41 (2) Krugly Cape 0 0# 0 42 (2) Krestovy Cape 0 0# 0 43 (2) Kuzachin Cape 0 0# 0 Total all sites 2,073 1,690 1,542 Total at trend 2,073 1,690 1,519 sites Cumulative trend 100.0% -18.5% -26.7% 1991 1994 1999 Site June 28- June 30- June 12- no.