This insight enables Becker to make use of Andy Rotman's important analysis of the role of prasada in Buddhist avadana
texts, in his Thus I Have Seen: Visualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism (2009).
In India, most older forms of historical discourse appearing in the Buddhist Avadana
literature or the Hindu and Jain epics and Puranas were written in verse, and in extension thereof associated with various performative traditions of memorization and recitation.
Caption: Shakyamuni Buddha with Avadana
legend scenes, Tibet, 19th century, pigment on cloth, 33 5/8 x 22 1/4".
At the end of this essay, while delineating the visual representation of Avadana
literature in the mural paintings of the Kizil caves, The sutra of the wise and foolish is presumed 'to be a compilation of lecture notes collected in Khotan' (p.
A similar point is made by Chris Clark in his study of Avadana
literature where he observes that venerating Buddha relics is as efficacious as venerating the Buddha himself (27).
What is interesting however is that this story finds artistic depiction in a series of murals called the 'Simhala Avadana
' in the 5th Century monastic caves of Ajanta in Western India.
It is significant that the painters at Ajanta draw from both the Jatakas as well as Avadana
literature and some of the Jatakas are painted more than once.
(34) Besides we know a number of paintings where the written explanations below the scenes refer explicitly to the texts which they illustrate: the life of Milarepa by gTsang-smyon, of Padmasambhava according to the Padma thang-yig Steelbrag-ma, Avadana
series according to the dPag-bsam 'khri-shing, etc.
Budda ga nazo toku sanze no monogatari: Diviya avadana
zenyaku [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [A Complete Japanese Translation of the Divyovadana].
This is of course a very common theme in the wider jataka and avadana
genre to which this tale belongs.
(35) This accords with the spirit of the Avadana
stories painted on the walls of the main room of central-pillar caves.