Avant-garde

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Avant-garde

 

a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.

REFERENCE

Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This publication serves as a valuable reference as well as invites further examination of Charlotte Moorman as an active creator of avant-garde art.
BEIRUT: The gulf between avant-garde art and popular tastes is no secret.
He does so in a style that makes his work accessible to readers who are unfamiliar with Berlin Dada, while at the same time offering new arguments that that will enrich the debate among experts in the field on the destructive/constructive nature of Berlin Dada, the reemergence of contextual meanings in avant-garde art, and, of course, the centrality of the newly emerging cyborg to Berlin Dada.
Here, Novero's discussion of the interplay of artistic technique and the mutability of the finished product demonstrates the unique capacity of the culinary to capture the intangible idea of deterioration, a central trope of Avant-Garde art.
The Avant-Garde Icon: Russian Avant-Garde Art and the Icon Painting Traditi on
Harmony + Dissent: Film and Avant-garde Art Movements in the Early Twentieth Century" is a scholarly examination of the first half of the twentieth century and its films, focusing on the philosophical, spiritual, and political ideals presented in these early films which the new technology of moving pictures and used them as a vehicle for their messages.
BASED ON PAPER: mima, Middlesbrough THIS exhibition brings together an encyclopaedic collection of Western avant-garde art from the 1960s and early 1970s and runs until May 11.
This story is a departure from the style of the other adventures and reflects Herge's interest in avant-garde art.
In 1927 Arturo Uslar Pietri traced avant-garde art back to Gongora.
Hepworth and Nicholson were joined by Naum Gabo and St Ives became known for its abstract avant-garde art which was both international in outlook but strongly rooted in the locality.
Rather than bohemia being a reaction against modernity, as it has often been portrayed, for Mary Gluck it was "a discursive configuration where the preconditions of avant-garde art and identity were forged" (9).