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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.


Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also available for the first time regionally at the BurJuman exhibition will be an inspirational, aesthetically ground-breaking coffee-table book entitled Unbridaled - The Marriage of Tradition and Avante Garde.
Many of the city's legendary jobbing avante garde musicians are pictured in various incarnations, captured at places like Tier 3, jamming and screaming.
24 party in a San Diego nightclub will feature electronic, live, and silent auctions of such well-known images as the nudes from Bert Stern's "Last Sitting," and his fantastic 1962 cover for Avante Garde, which captures Monroe's flirtatious play with fashion jewelry and scarves.
Once the province of the artistic avante garde and a few outrageous entertainers, attitude has moved into the mainstream in a big way in the last decade.
Avante garde performer Laurie Anderson showed up one year, drummer Hal Blaine dropped in once, and pop star Beck even made the rounds.
Ann Simmons, of Camera A, collected the trophy for Avante Garde Wedding Photography, plus two awards of excellence, while Lynne Brereton, of Studio 81, picked up the Classical Wedding Photography award.
They want something more avante garde, more innovative.
Another groundbreaking Mexican artist is Boris Viskin, who opened the Zona exhibition space in Mexico City's Escandon district--the red light district--with a group of painters who view painting as an irreplaceable medium even as conceptual art holds sway with so many avante garde artists.
The Elmsford, N.Y.-based company will also unveil clamshell packaging for open stock pieces of its Avante Garde, Classic and Grande Pris assortments of laser cut and forged cutlery.
Chef Sau converted the upstairs into 'Babo' (Kapampangan for 'upstairs') Avante Garde Capampangan cuisine.
For the second part of the show, the students created avante garde looks themed by country, the USA took inspiration from Katy Perry's costume in the music video for 'California Girls'.
Terriers Ratting by Charles Dudley; oil on canvas Avante Garde Chamber Trio by Beryl Cooke