Bourges

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Bourges

Bourges (bo͞orzh), city, capital of Cher dept., central France. It is a transportation center with foundries, arsenals, breweries, printing plants, and aeronautical and food industries. Known as Avaricum, Bourges was the Roman capital of Aquitania N of the Garonne River (see Gaul). It early became an archiepiscopal see and the capital of Berry. Charles VII resided there while most of France was in English hands. In 1438 he promulgated the pragmatic sanction of bourges, which was revoked in 1461 by his son Louis XI, who was born in Bourges. Louis XI founded (1463) the Univ. of Bourges, where Jacques Cujas later taught; it was abolished in the French Revolution. The Cathedral of St. Etienne (13th cent.), one of the glories of French Gothic, is remarkable in that it has no transept. Jacques Cœur, whose splendid house still stands, and Louis Bourdaloue were born in Bourges.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bourges

 

a city in central France at the confluence of the Yèvre and Auron rivers; a port on the Berry Canal, which links Bourges with the Loire. It is the administrative center of the department of Cher. The population is 70, 800 (1968). Bourges is a transportation center. The city’s industry is represented by machine building, including aircraft building, the production of instruments, leather and food enterprises, and sawmills. Bourges is the center of the historic province of Berry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bourges

a city in central France. Pop.: 72 480 (1999)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005