Richard Avenarius

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Avenarius, Richard

 

Born Nov. 19, 1843; died Aug. 18, 1896. Swiss idealist philosopher, one of the founders of empiriocriticism; a professor at the University of Zurich.

The basic concept of Avenarius’ philosophy is experience, in which he tries to dissolve the opposition between matter and mind—the physical and the psychological (A Critique of Pure Experience, 1888–90; Russian translation 1905, 1907–08). Yet the concept of the physical and psychological only as the content of both external and internal experience is an admission of the primacy of consciousness, for experience without a subject—that is, without consciousness—is impossible. Avenarius’ doctrine of “principal coordination”—“without the subject there is no object and without the object there is no subject”—is subjective idealism excluding objective reality which exists independent of consciousness. To objective truth, Avenarius juxtaposed the biological value of knowledge and thought according to the “principle of the least expenditure of energy.” The philosophy of Avenarius and his students— R. Willy, I. Petztoldt, F. Carstanjen—was subjected to extensive criticism by V. I. Lenin in his work Materialism and Empiriocriticism (1908, published 1909).

WORKS

Chelovecheskoe poniatie o mire. Moscow, 1909.
Filosofiia kak myshlenie o mire soglasno printsipu naimen-shei mery sily. St. Petersburg, 1913.

REFERENCES

Plekhanov. G. V. Izbr. filos. proizv., vol. 3. Moscow, 1957. Pages 202–301, 448–80.
Aksel’rod, L. Protiv idealizma. Moscow-Petrograd, 1922.
Filippov, M. “O filosofii chistogo opyta.” Nauchnoe obozrenie, 1898, no. 5.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
On the first few repetitions a new element turns up in the mind, the "already met with" or "notal" as Richard Avenarius has called it.
Avenarius, "The Role of Religious Values: Young Christians' Opinions towards Tattoos", East Carolina University, http://uncw.
For example, he explores Neurath's immersion in the pre-war Neo-Romantic cultural criticism around Ferdinand Avenarius and his participation in Eugen Diederichs' Kulturkongress in 1917 only to reveal that no minutes could be found of the content of Neurath's speech at this important congress or the discussion that followed (102).
La obra de referencia para los avaros sigue siendo, pese a los anos y a manifiestos errores: Avenarius, A.
SAINT-JOSEPH, FORTUNE ANTHOINE (1840): Concordance entre les codes civils etrangers et le code Napoleon, Paris y Leipzig, Charles Hingray y Brochaus et Avenarius.
Resumen: Investigo la relacion filosofica entre Avenarius y Husserl en los anos del curso Problemas fundamentales de la fenomenologia en relacion especial con el concepto natural de mundo.
Una muestra de lo segundo la tenemos en como el positivismo de Mach y Avenarius influyo en la psicologia en el cambio del siglo XIX y XX, llegando el empirismo logico de Hempel a constituir la base sobre la que se asento el conductismo.
But an official statement by Dresden's Attorney General Christian Avenarius was published in the popular German "Bild", clarifying that a full medical check-up has proven that the accused is sane and suffers no psychological or neurological disorders.
no fue precisamente la teoria de la figura el lugar donde el empirio-criticismo de Mach y Avenarius se vio obligado a reconocer la inevitable referencia de la experiencia empirica a una estructura transcendental anterior, como ahora sucede con la referencia a una superestructura teorica, a una infraestructura fenomenica y a un concreto sistema escalar de medida, sin poder negar los presupuestos especulativos de tipo critico-transcendental, o simplemente metafisico, de toda representacion cientifica?
Christian Avenarius, the prosecutor in Dresden where the incident took place, said the killer was driven by a deep hatred of Muslims.