Avenarius, Mikhail Petrovich
Born Sept. 7 (19), 1835; died Sept. 4 (16), 1895. Russian physicist. Became corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1876. He was graduated from the University of Petersburg in 1858 and became a professor at the University of Kiev in 1866.
Avenarius studied thermoelectric phenomena and developed a formula for thermoelectromotive force. He determined the critical temperatures for a number of liquids.
WORKSO termoelektrichestve. St. Petersburg, 1864.
Ob elektricheskikh raznostiakh metallov pri razlichnykh temperaturakh. St. Petersburg, 1866.
REFERENCESRusakov, V. P. “Kievskii fizik Mikhail Petrovich Avenarius.” In Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki (AN SSSR), . vol. 5. Moscow, 1955. Pages 181–215.
Stoletov, A. “M. P. Avenarius.” [Obituary.] Zhurnal russkogo fiz.-khim. ob-va, 1895, vol. 27, issue 8.