Avenarius, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Avenarius, Mikhail Petrovich


Born Sept. 7 (19), 1835; died Sept. 4 (16), 1895. Russian physicist. Became corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1876. He was graduated from the University of Petersburg in 1858 and became a professor at the University of Kiev in 1866.

Avenarius studied thermoelectric phenomena and developed a formula for thermoelectromotive force. He determined the critical temperatures for a number of liquids.


O termoelektrichestve. St. Petersburg, 1864.
Ob elektricheskikh raznostiakh metallov pri razlichnykh temperaturakh. St. Petersburg, 1866.


Rusakov, V. P. “Kievskii fizik Mikhail Petrovich Avenarius.” In Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki (AN SSSR), . vol. 5. Moscow, 1955. Pages 181–215.
Stoletov, A. “M. P. Avenarius.” [Obituary.] Zhurnal russkogo fiz.-khim. ob-va, 1895, vol. 27, issue 8.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.