Averbakh, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Averbakh, Mikhail Iosifovich


Born May 17 (29), 1872; died July 29, 1944. Soviet ophthalmologist; became an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1939; an Honored Scientist.

Averbakh was graduated from the University of Moscow in 1895. His work is devoted to various optical refractions, traumas, and such problems as blindness, glaucoma, and trachoma. He developed and introduced a series of new eye operations. Averbakh was chairman of the departments of eye diseases of the Second Moscow Medical Institute, the Central Advanced Training Institute for Physicians, and the Gel’mgol’ts Central Ophthalmological Institute. He was one of the founders of the Society of Eye Doctors in Moscow and later became its president. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1943. The M. I. Averbakh Prize is given annually for the best scientific work in ophthalmology by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR.


Oftal’ mologicheskie ocherki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Glavneishie formy izmenenii zritel’nogo nerva. Moscow, 1944.


Sovetskaia literatura po meditsine. Ukazatel’knig i statei. 1941–1944. Moscow. 1948. (See name index.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.